Compiled by Richard W. Amero






     (By Boroughs)

     (1,701 city-owned parks, 26,295 acres)

     28,126 acres . . . Harnik*


     *NOTE: Items in italics refer to data from "Inside City Parks," by Peter Harnik, published by the Urban Land Institute, Washington, D.C., 2000.




     CENTRAL PARK (840 acres)


     Landscaped by Frederick Law Olmsted & Calvert Vaux, first plan submitted 1858; design inspired by Birkenhead Park, Liverpool, England


     Buildings: Metropolitan Museum of Art, Arsenal, Zoo, Woolman Memorial Rink (Ice Skating), Tavern-on-the-Green, Belvedere Castle, Delacorte Theater


     Other Features: Four Depressed Transverse Roads; Mall, Bandshell, Terrace, Bethesda Fountain, Carousel, Sheep's Meadow, Conservatory Gardens, The Ramble, Great Lawn, North Meadow, The Lake, The Reservoir, Harlem Meer


     Facilities: Baseball diamonds (7), Boating, Bowling Greens (12), Hockey (for children)  (4 fields), Hockey (2 fields), Fresh Water Fishing, Football (1 field), Handball, ice-skating on the Lakes (winter), Jogging (around reservoir), Horseback Riding, Model Boat Ponds, Nature Trails, Skiing, Sledding, Soccer (4 fields), Softball & Little League Playing Fields (17 diamonds), Swimming Pool (Lasker Memorial Pool, Harlem Meer), Tennis (4 hard & 26 clay courts)


     Central Park Conservancy, a private organization, raises money to restore and reclaim Central Park in partnership with the New York City Parks & Recreation Department


     HUDSON RIVER PARK (550 acres) . . . in planning stages


     Five-mile trail along the Hudson River with parks & recreational & educational facilities


     Promoted by Hudson River Park Conservancy, a state agency


     Money to be generated from commercial ventures within the park


     Chelsea Piers . . . 30-acre sports & film center located on the Hudson River between 17th & 23rd Streets leased from New York State


     RIVERSIDE PARK (266 acres)


     Planned by Frederick Law Olmsted in 1877


     Bicycling, Fishing, Football (2 fields), Jogging, Running Track (220 yards), Roller Hockey, Marina, Sledding, Tennis (10 clay & 10 hard courts), Softball & Little League Playing Fields (8 diamonds)


     FORT TRYON PARK (62 acres)


     Planned by Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. in 1935


     View of the Hudson & the Palisades


     Buildings: The Cloisters


     MORNINGSIDE PARK (31 acres)


     Original plan by Frederick Law Olmsted & Calvert Vaux in 1873


     Softball & Little League (2 diamonds)


     RIVERBANK STATE PARK (28 acres)


     Designed by architect Richard Dattner


     The second most heavily used state park in New York


     Two bridges provide access across Riverside Drive


     Built on top the North River Water Pollution Treatment Facility & paid for with federal, state and city funds


     Five major structures consisting of 50-meter pool, covered skating rink (ice in winter, roller skating in summer); cultural center; multi-use athletic building, & restaurant;

     Outdoor facilities consisting of basketball courts (4); handball/paddleball courts (4); tennis courts (4); football/soccer field; running track; community garden; playground; wading pool.; a continuous promenade rings the entire park, providing seating, trees and a sea-rail design


     BATTERY PARK (21 acres )


     1.5-mile riverfront esplanade


     Castle Clinton National Monument


     BRYANT PARK (6 acres)


     Renovated in 1990-92 with designs by landscape architect Laurie Olin after suggestions by William H. Whyte


     Two floors of underground stacks for New York City Public Library


     Managed by Bryant Park Restoration Corporation


     Revenue generated by a coffeehouse, kiosks, restaurants and special events rentals &  programming


     PALEY PARK (0.1 acre)


     Designed by Robert Zion in 1966; a private park for public enjoyment; a 20-ft.  recirculating waterfall silences city traffic; 17 locust trees grow in the park; gates are  open 8 A.M. to 10 P.M., May 1 to November 8 & 8 A.M. to 6 P.M. the rest of the  year; refreshments & seating available; park was built & maintained by William S. Paley in memory of his father




     Designed by Pomerance & Breines, with J. Paul Friedberg, landscape architect, in 1966


     Neither a park nor a city street, but has qualities of both. Children use the play area &   people of all ages use the amphitheater; the plaza has a number of places to sit & space  to move around




     MARINE PARK (1,821 acres)


     Baseball Diamonds (6), Cricket Fields (3 pitches), Football (2 fields), Golf course & driving range, Jogging, Marina, Model Airplane Flying Field, Picnic areas; Roller Hockey, Soccer (1 field), Softball & Little League Playing Fields (11 diamonds), Tennis (12 clay courts)


     PROSPECT PARK (526 acres)


     Originally planned by Frederick Law Olmsted & Calvert Vaux in 1866-67


     Buildings: Litchfield Villa, Lefferts House, Boat House, Grecian Shelter, Bandshells (2),

     Facilities: Boating; Fresh Water Fishing in Lake; Ice Skating on Lake in Winter; Skiing;  Sledding; Baseball

     Diamonds (3); Softball & Little League Diamonds (2); Football Fields (2); Hockey Fields (3); Soccer Fields (2); Cross-Country Course on Long Meadow (1.9 miles);

     Horseback Riding; Jogging in Long Meadow; Golden Age Center; Zoo, Children's  Playground; Picnic Areas




     Brooklyn Museum, Public Library, Administration & Classroom


     FORT GREENE PARK (30 acres)


     Originally planned by Frederick Law Olmsted & Calvert Vaux in 1867


     Forum Area, Tennis (6 hard courts); Prison Ship Martyr's Monument




     PELHAM BAY PARK (2,117 acres) (2,766 acres . . . Harnik)


     Rice Stadium; Bartow-Pell Mansion; Nature Trails & Wildlife Refuge Marina; Fishing;

     Beaches 1.0 mile); Archery Range; Baseball Diamonds (2); Softball & Little League  Diamonds (8); Football Fields (2); Model Airplane Flying Field; Hard Tennis Courts (10); Boccie Courts (4); Golf & Driving Range; Running Tracks; Jogging; Picnic Areas


     VAN CORTLANDT PARK (1,146 acres)


     Van Cortlandt Mansion, Park Stadium; Nature Trails & Bird Sanctuary; Boating;  Fishing; Ice Skating on Lake in Winter; Sledding; Swimming Pool; Baseball Diamonds (10); Softball & Little League Diamonds (7); Football Fields (4); Cricket Fields (10 pitches); Rugby Fields (12); Soccer Fields (7); Hockey Field; Hard Tennis Courts (4);  Cross-Country Course (5.0 miles); Running Tracks; Jogging; Picnic Areas


     BRONX PARK (721 acres)


     Zoo (252 acres); Botanical Gardens (239 acres); Rockefeller Fountain; Baseball Diamonds (4); Softball & Little League Diamonds (5); Football Field; Hard Tennis Courts (6), (6 hard courts)




     JAMAICA BAY PARK (9,151 acres - Land 2,868, Water 6,283)


     Marina, Nature Trails, Wildlife Refuge


     GREENBELT PARK (1,778 acres . . . Harnik)


     FLUSHING MEADOWS-CORONA PARK (1,257 acres) (1,255 acres . . . Harnik)


     Created in 1936 by F. Cormier from tidal swamp & ash dump; Site of Worlds Fairs,  1939-40 & 1964-65; Hall of Science of the City of New York; Area; Shea Municipal Stadium; Open Air Pavilion; Outdoor Singer Pool; Large Parking Area connected to  the Grand Central Parkway; Marina; Boating; Fishing; ice-skating Rink; Football Fields  (5); Baseball Diamonds (5); (2);Cricket Field (1 pitch); Golf; Hockey Field (1); Model Airplane Flying Field; Softball & Little League Playing Diamonds (9); Clay Tennis

Courts (8); Boccie Courts Jogging; Swimming Pool in Amphitheater; Carousel; Zoo &  Children's Farm; Picnic Areas


     ALLEY PARK (549 acres)


     Fishing; Ice Skating on Lake in Winter; Nature Trails; Jogging; Horseback Riding; Sledding; Cross-Country Course (1.5 miles); Football Field; Soccer Field; Baseball Diamonds (2); Softball & Little League Diamonds (11); Clay Tennis Courts (10); Hard ennis Courts (6); Picnic Areas




     GREAT KILLS PARK (1,246 acres)


     Marina; Fishing; Surfcasting; Beaches (2.0 miles); Forum Area; Softball & Little League Diamond; Playing Diamond; Football Field; Running Tracks, Jogging


     RICHMOND PARKWAY (984 acres . . . Harnik)


     FRESH KILLS PARK (807 acres)







     Los Angeles Department of Recreation & Parks


     (355 city-owned park covering 15,537 acres)

     14,987 acres . . . Harnik


     The Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce & the County & City of Los Angeles  sponsor a free Shakespearean festival that is held annually in seven Los Angeles parks.


     SANTA MONICA PRESERVE (7,200 acres, under State of California control)


     Undeveloped Natural Park; Hiking & Equestrian Trails; No Camping, Unleashed Dogs  & Smoking


     GRIFFITH PARK (3,761 acres (4,171 acres . . . Harnik)


     Colonel Griffith donated a 3,000 acre portion of Rancho Los Feliz to the City of Los

     Angeles in 1896 for use as a public park; In the Santa Monica Mountains overlooking  downtown; Steep Topography; Wilderness Areas; Observatory; Los Angeles Zoo;   Ferndell Ranger Station; Greek Theater; Travel Town; Golf Courses (5); Baseball Fields; Tennis Courts; Riding Trails; Freeways (2); Children's Play Area; Picnic Areas


     SEPULVEDA DAM RECREATION AREA (1,641 acres, leased by the City from

     the U.S. Government)

     (2,031 acres . . . Harnik)


     18-hole Golf Courses (2); Sports Field with Baseball Diamonds, Lighted Tennis  Courts, an Outdoor Gymnasium with Basketball, Volleyball & Handball Courts (80  acres); Children's Play Area; Picnic Area (20 acres)


     HANSEN DAM RECREATION AREA (1,437 acres, leased by the City from the      U.S. Government) (1,463 acres . . . Harnik)


     Swimming; Boating; Sailing; Canoeing & Fishing on Lake; Outdoor Amphitheater; Golf Course (9 holes); Softball Field; Children's Play Areas; Picnic Areas


     ELYSIAN PARK (600 acres)


     Natural Landscaping; Picnic Areas; Children's Play Area; Tennis Courts; Ball Fields


     EXPOSITION PARK (32 acres)


     Sunken Rose Garden (7 acres); California Museum of Science & Industry; Museum of Natural History; Memorial Coliseum (seating 95,000); Indoor Sports Arena


     MAC ARTHUR PARK (32 acres)


     Lake with Paddle boats for Children; Children's Play Area; Picnic Areas; Chess; Playing Areas


     BARNSDALL PARK (14 acres)


     Hollyhock House by Frank Lloyd Wright; A Studio Residence now an Arts & Crafts Center by R. M. Schindler; Wading Pool & Pergola by Schindler & Richard J. Neutra; Junior Arts Center; Municipal Art Gallery; Picnic Areas; Children's Play Area


     PERSHING SQUARE (5-acres)


     Landscaped park with 2,150-underground parking spaces




     3. CHICAGO, ILLINOIS (552 city-owned parks)


     Chicago Park District

     7,329 acres . . . Harnik


     Extending along the shoreline of Lake Michigan from East 67th Street in Jackson Park to West Ardmore Avenue in Lincoln Park is a vista of trees, grass & shrubs. The lake front has space for picnicking, beaches, boating, parking, bicycle & bridle paths, athletic fields & related outdoor active & passive recreation areas & facilities


     LINCOLN PARK (1,212 acres)


     Landscape designs by gardener Swain Nelson & Olaf Benson between 1865 & the 1880s, modified by Ossian Simonds between 1903 & 1921, & Ernest Schroeder between the 1920s & 1960s with assistance from Alfred Caldwell between 1936 & 1938; Statue of Standing Lincoln by Augustus Saint Gaudens, Ira Couch Tomb, Chicago Historical Society Museum, Chicago Academy of Science Museum, Zoo (35 acres): Farm in the Zoo, Children's Zoo; Conservatory (3 acres), Gun Club, Belmont,Diversey, & Montrose Harbors; Theater- on-the-Lake


     Outdoor Facilities: Athletic Fields (4), Baseball (5), Junior Baseball (4), Softball (10), Football & Soccer (4), Tennis Courts (31), Volleyball Courts (3), Horseshoe Courts (15), Shuffleboard Courts (5), Basketball Standards (3) (1 on Margate & 2 on Windsor Avenue), Playgrounds (11), Spray Pools (2), Sandboxes (6), ice-skating Ponds (4) (1 on North Pond, 1 on South Pond, & 2 at Waveland), Day Camps (2), Bicycle Path, Bridle Path, Archery Range, Bathing Beaches (7), Casting Pool, 9-hole Golf Course, Golf Driving Range, Golf Putting Course, Yacht & Powerboat Harbors  (3), Launching Ramps (3), Lagoons (2), Marine Facilities (1,149), Trap Shooting  Range, Zoo, Multiple-Use Paved Area


     Indoor Facilities: Field house (Margate), Gymnasium, Club Rooms (2), Kitchen, Craft  Shops (2); Drama, Artcraft, Enameling, Camera Club; Field House (Dickens), Club Rooms (3), Lapidary Shop, Kitchen, Music, Enameling, Senior Citizens' Center, Pavilion (Fullerton), Drama, Kitchen; Cafe Brauer (Armitage), Drama, Beach Houses  (3)


     BURNHAM PARK (598 acres, one-eighth of a mile wide & five miles long)


     Named after architect Daniel Burnham who suggested a plan to connect Chicago's  waterfront parks to create a single facility in 1894; the Chicago City Council adopted Burnham's proposals in 1911 as part of The Plan of Chicago


     "Made" land; site of 1933-1934 Century of Progress Exposition; striking views of  Chicago skyline from Leif Eriksen Drive, which traverses the length of the park unimpeded by cross traffic; reproduction of Fort Dearborn & cabin of Jean Baptiste Point du Sable, built for Century of Progress Exposition; Burnham Harbor; Chicago  Park District Administration Building; McCormick Place; Soldier Field, seating    106,000


     Outdoor Facilities: athletic fields (1); Baseball (1), Softball (2), Football & Soccer (1),  Running Track (4 lap in Soldier Field), Tennis Courts (8), Multiple-Use Paved Areas (3), Basketball Standards (18), Volleyball (2), Playgrounds (6), Spray Pool (1),  Sandboxes (2), ice-skating (2), Bridle Path; Day Camp; Bicycle Path, Bathing Beaches  (3), Marine Facilities (821), Launching Ramps (2), Model Yacht Basin (1), Stadium (1)  in Soldier Field); Yacht & Powerboat Harbor (1), 20,000 sq. ft. Park for      Skateboarders

     Indoor Facilities: Field house (on promontory): Club Rooms (4); Beach House (1)


     JACKSON PARK (542.89 acres)


     Landscaping by Frederick Law Olmsted; Site of World Columbian Exposition of 1893


     Museum of Science & Industry, Inner, Outer & 59th Street Harbors, Japanese  Garden; Outdoor Facilities: Athletic Fields (3), Baseball (4), Softball (10), Football &  Soccer (5), Running Track (4 lap), Tennis Courts (24), Horseshoe Courts (6), Volleyball Courts (4), Bowling Greens (2), Basketball Standards (11), Playgrounds  (5), Sandboxes (5), Bridle Path, Bicycle Path, Day Camp, 18- hole Golf Course, Lagoon, Launching Ramp (2), Yacht & Powerboat Harbors (3), Marine Facilities (478), Bathing Beaches (3), Casting Pool with Pier, Multiple-Use Paved Areas (2)

     Indoor Facilities: Field house Gymnasium, Club Rooms (2), Kitchen, Artcraft, Drama,

     Music, Beach House, Senior Citizens' Center


     WASHINGTON PARK (366.84 acres plus 0.62 acres Board of Education property maintained by the Chicago Park District)


     Planned by Frederick Law Olmsted in 1871


     Scene of annual Bud Billiken Day celebration & parade sponsored by the Chicago  Daily Defender, statue of George Washington by Daniel Chester French, Fountain of Time by Lorado Taft, Armory Cottage, Open Forum Area, Sunken Garden; Outdoor  Facilities: Regional Adventure Playground, Swimming Pool, Athletic Field, Baseball  (6), Junior Baseball (2), Softball (6), Football & Soccer (4), Tennis Courts (14), Horseshoe Courts (4), Shuffleboard Courts (5), Volleyball Court, Multiple-Use Paved Areas (8), Basketball Standards (18), Bowling Greens (2), Playgrounds (4), Spray     Pool, Sandboxes (4), ice-skating (2), Day Camp, Bicycle Path, Lagoon-Casting Pool;

     Indoor Facilities: Field house Gymnasiums (3), Combination Assembly Hall, Club Rooms (6), Craft Shop, Kitchen, Artcraft, Camera Club, Lapidary Shop, Drama, Music, Enameling, Ceramics, Senior Citizens' Center Joint Operation with Board of Education: Dyett Field house Natatorium, Gymnasium, Club Room, Kitchen, Artcraft


     GRANT PARK (303 acres)


     Architectural plans by Daniel H. Burnham & landscape plans by the Olmsted Brothers in 1907 changed by Edward H. Bennett between 1915 & 1930


     Statue of seated Lincoln by Augustus Saint Gaudens, Buckingham Memorial Fountain  by Jacques Lambert, Art Institute, Field Museum of Natural History, John G. Shedd Aquarium, Monroe Street Harbor, Orchestra Shell, Rose Garden, Underground Garages on the north & south; Outdoor Facilities: Athletic Fields (3), Junior Baseball (2), Softball (18), Football & Soccer (4), Tennis Courts (12), Yacht & Powerboat Harbor, Marine Facilities (824)


     HUMBOLDT PARK (206.92 acres)


     Designed by William Le Baron Jenney between 1871 & 1877' designs changed by Oscar DuBuis between 1877 & 1890s, & Jens Jensen between 1906 & 1909


     Lagoons, Islands, Hills, Trees, the "Stable" (a rustic maintenance building resembling a German hunting lodge), Rose Gardens; Outdoor Facilities: Swimming Lagoon,  Swimming Pool, Athletic Field, Baseball (3), Junior Baseball (3), Football & Soccer, Tennis Courts (12), Volleyball Courts (6), Horseshoe Courts (7), Multiple Use Paved Areas (2), Basketball Standards (10), Playgrounds (5), Spray Pools (2), Sandboxes  (3), ice-skating (3), Lagoon, Day Camp, Bicycle Path; Indoor Facilities: Field house     Gymnasiums (2), Combination Assembly Hall, Club Rooms (4), Craft Shop, Kitchens      (1), Boat Building Shop


     BROOKFIELD ZOO (196 acres)


     The buildings are designed in a 15th century Italian Renaissance style except for the      Seven Seas Panorama housing porpoises & dolphins which looks like a big bubble.


     GARFIELD PARK (184.72 acres)


     Original designs by Architect William Le Baron Jenney in 1869 modified by Jens Jensen in the 1870s until the 1890s & again from 1905 to 1921, & by Oscar DuBuis between 1877 & 1893


     Conservatory (4.5 acres): Designed by Jens Jensen & Schmidt, Gordon & Martin, Hitchings & Co., Engineers between 1906 & 1907 in the shape of a great haystack, remodeled in 1958 & 1996; Palm House, Fernery, Horticultural Hall, Aroid House,

     Sensory Garden; Outdoor Facilities: Swimming pool (1), Athletic Fields (2), Baseball  (2), Junior Baseball, Softball (11), Football & Soccer (3), Tennis Courts (24), Horseshoe Courts (14), Multiple-Use Paved Playgrounds (4), Spray Pools (3), Sandboxes (2), ice-skating, Bicycle Path, Lagoon-Casting Pool with Pier, Model Yacht Basin, Day Camp; Indoor Facilities: Field house Gymnasium, Assembly Hall, Club Rooms (7), Artcraft, Music, Drama, Senior Citizens' Center


     DOUGLAS PARK (181.99 acres)


     Designed by William LeBaron Jenning beginning in 1871, Oscar DuBuis beginning in 1885, & Jens Jensen beginning in 1906


     Outdoor Facilities: Swimming Pool, Athletic Field, Baseball (3), Jr. Baseball (2), Football & Soccer (4), Running Track (4 lap), Tennis Courts (16), Multiple-Use  Paved Areas (2), Basketball Standards (26), Volleyball (2), Horseshoe (4),  Playgrounds (5), Spray Pool (2), Sandboxes (2), ice-skating (2), Bicycle Path,  Lagoon, Casting Pool; Day Camp; Indoor Facilities: Field house Gymnasiums (2),  Combination Assembly Hall, Club Rooms (7), Kitchen, Artcraft; Flower Hall, Benches  Garden, & Lily Pond, ca. 1907, garden designed by Jens Jensen.


     COLUMBUS PARK (134.92 acres)


     Designed between 1917 & 1920 by Jens Jensen as an expression of the Prairie Style      of landscape architecture with native shrubs & trees, brooks & waterfalls


     Outdoor Facilities: Swimming Pool, Athletic Fields (2), Baseball (2), Jr. Baseball (3),

     Softball (2), Football & Soccer (2), Tennis Courts (9), Horseshoe (3), Multiple-Use  Paved Area, Basketball Standards (4), Volleyball Courts (2), Playground (2), Spray  Pool, Wading Pool, Sandbox, Archery Range, Bowling Greens (2), Nine-Hole Golf Course, Lagoon, Bicycle Path, ice-skating (2), Day Camp


     Indoor Facilities: Field house Gymnasiums (2), Assembly Halls (2), Club Rooms (10),  Craft Shop, Kitchens (2), Artcraft, Drama, Archery Range, Music, Senior Citizens Center


     NORTHERLY ISLAND (91.2 acres)


     Man-made island facing north end of Burnham Park; along with Burnham Park the site  of the 1933-1934 World's Fair, "A Century of Progress"


     Outdoor Facilities: Merril C. Meigs Airport, Rainbow Fleet (Burnham Harbor),

     Bathing Beach, Launching Ramp; Indoor Facilities: Adler Planetarium, Beach House


     RAINBOW BEACH & PARK (61.70 acres leased by Chicago Park District from  Chicago Water Fund Property)


     Marine Service Building; Outdoor Facilities: Athletic Fields (2), Junior Baseball (2),  Softball (3), Football & Soccer (2), Tennis Courts (8), Handball Courts (3),  Multiple-Use Paved Area, Basketball Standards (2), Playground, ice-skating (2), Day Camp, Bathing Beach, Launching Ramps (2); Indoor Facilities: Beach Houses (4), Art Center, Art Craft


     SHERMAN PARK (60.60 acres)


     Landscape designs prepared by the Olmsted Brothers & architectural designs by   Daniel H. Burnham Company


     Outdoor Facilities: Swimming Pool, Athletic Field, Football & Soccer, Baseball (2), Jr. Baseball (4), Running Track (6 lap), Tennis Courts (7), Handball (2), Horseshoes (2), Volleyball (6), Multiple-Use Paved Area, Basketball Standards (5), Playgrounds (2),  Spray Pool, Sandboxes (4), ice-skating (2), Bicycle Path, Lagoon, Casting Pond with Pier, Day Camp; Indoor Facilities: Field house-Gymnasiums (2), Assembly Hall, Club      Rooms (6), Kitchen, Artcraft, Public Library, Drama


     MILLENIUM PARK (24.5 acres)


     Conceived in 1966; built over railroad tracks and above surface parking lots adjacent to Grant Park; Welcome Center; Frank Gehry designed Pritzker Pavilion; Crown Fountain by Jaume Piensa; Lurie Gardens designed by the team of Kathryn Gustafson, Piet Oudorf and Robert Israel;; BP Bridge designed by Frank Gehry; Chase Promenade; Exelon Pavilions Harris Theaters; Harris Theater; Kapoor Sculpture on SBC Plaza designed by Anish Kapoor; McCormick Tribune Plaza and Ice Rinkl Wrighley Square and Millenium Monument,;


     FULLER PARK (10.50 acres)


     Landscape designs prepared by Olmsted Brothers & architectural designs by Daniel H. Burnham Company


     Outdoor Facilities: Athletic Field, Baseball Field, Football & Soccer, Softball (2), Tennis Courts (2), Horseshoe Courts (2), Multiple-Use Paved Area, Basketball  Standards (6), Volleyball Courts (2), Playground, Spray Pool, Sandboxes (3),  ice-skating, Day Camp; Indoor Facilities: Field house-Gymnasium, Assembly Hall, Club Rooms (10), Craft Shop, Kitchen, Artcraft, Music, Drama, Senior Citizen Center




     Reclaimed vacant land in Bronzeville on Chicago's south side, a hub of

     African-American culture;

     Designed by Daryl Garrison and built in 1993-94 with participation of neighborhood  residents & children; Funded, built & maintained by a partnership of individuals, organizations & the City of Chicago Youth center, playground, sculpture park,community gardens, murals




     MORTON ARBORETUM (1,500 acres)


     Woodland park containing 30 miles of walking trails, 25 acres covered with native prairie plants, a lake, a bird sanctuary, a Ginkgo Tea Shop, & a center for nature studies.


     BOTANIC GARDEN (300 acres)


     Constructed on an island in one of the larger Skokie lagoons & on the perimeter shore





     307 city-owned parks containing 32,598 acres)

     20,363 acres . . . Harnik




     BEAR CREEK PARK (2,168.2 acres)




     CLEAR LAKE PARK (17 acres)




     ALLENS LANDING (3.0 acres)


     Historic landmark


     BROCK (357.20 acres)


     Golf course, picnic area, softball, football & baseball fields, archery


     CULLEN PARK (10,534 acres . . . Harnik)


     Diked property which fills up with 10,000 acres of water during the rainy season;

     Sports fields, Velodrome, drainage systems, asphalt trails, restrooms, picnic tables


     DWIGHT EISENHOWER PARK (686 acres) (883 acres . . . Harnik)


     Picnic area, camping


     HERMANN PARK (410.32 acres) (445 acres . . . Harnik)


     Donated in 1914 by George Hermann, one-time city park commissioner; Zoological

     Gardens (42 acres), Miller Outdoor Theater on 7.5 acres - a free theater offering

     entertainment from spring through fall, Museum of Natural Science & Burke Baker

     Planetarium, Garden Center, Rose Garden ; Recreation Center; Golf Course (18

     holes), Playground, Picnic Area, Tennis & Basketball Courts, Swimming Pool


     ARBORETUM & NATURE CENTER (155 acres)


     Wildlife sanctuary, 5 miles of nature trails, self-guided tours


     LAKE HOUSTON (water surface 12,236 acres)


     MEMORIAL PARK (1,466 acres) (1,431 acres . . . Harnik)


     Aline McAshan Botanical Hall & Houston Arboretum; Golf Course; Softball, Baseball

     & Football Fields; Tennis Courts; Swimming Pool; Backstops; Hiking; Jogging; Biking;

     Playground; Picnic Area


     SAM HOUSTON PARK (19.70 acres)


     Historic landmark


     SUNNYSIDE (285 acres)


     Recreation Center, Golf Course, Playground, Picnic Area, Softball Field, Swimming

     Pool, Backstops


     TRINITY GARDENS (5.10 acres)


     Playground, Picnic Area, Softball & Baseball Field






     (630 city-owned parks covering 10,252 acres)

     Philadelphia Fairmount Park Commission 8,900 acres

     Philadelphia Department of Recreation 1,464 acres . . . Harnik

     (Parkways cover 372.44 acres)


     BARTRAM PARK (27.29 acres)


     Located on the west bank of the Schuylkill River & extending from 53rd Street to 56th

     Street & from the Penn Central Railroad to the river. John Bartram, America's first

     botanist, laid out & developed the land about 1730. His house, barn & stables were

     restored by the Fairmount Park Commission in 1925. The house is furnished & open to

     the public.


     Baseball & football fields, an outdoor basketball court, tennis courts, fireplaces, & a

     picnic area occupy most of the open space.


     BURHOLME PARK (69.40 acres)


     Located in northeast Philadelphia in an area bordered by Central Avenue extending to

     Fillmore Street & Cottman Avenue extending to Shelmire Street. The Ryers Mansion

     on the site has been converted into a museum & a library. Softball fields, picnic area,

     fireplaces, a shelter, a golf-driving range, & a miniature golf concession occupy the



     COBBS CREEK PARK (786.21 acres)


     Located in West Philadelphia & extending along Cobbs Creek from Manoa Road to

     Woodland Avenue; an area consisting of 156.29 acres, called Carroll Park lies in

     Delaware County; land on both sides of Cobbs Creek, bounded by Philadelphia

     County & Delaware County, is partially developed; an area north of City Avenue that

     extends into Delaware County is undeveloped.


     Bridle paths, picnic areas & fireplaces are scattered throughout the park. Recreation

     facilities for tennis, basketball, baseball, football, soccer, horseshoe pitching, shelters,

     playground, swimming pools, community rooms, & miniature golf concessions are

     located near the various entrances. Eighteen-hole golf courses are situated near Cobb's

     Creek & Karakung Creek.


     FAIRMOUNT PARK (4,077.59 acres including East & West Park, Wissahickon, &

     areas of Carpenter's Woods, Clifford Park, Lincoln Drive, Pastorious Park, Wood

     Pines & the 379-acre water area of the Schuylkill River)


     Fairmount Park-Wissahickon Valley (4,167 acres . . . Harnik)


     Established in 1865 as a 28-acre park; First general plan prepared by H.J.

     Schwarzmann in 1871; laid out as a public park with recreational features made

     accessible by about 45 miles of paved drives & many miles of walks, trails & bridle



     EAST FAIRMOUNT PARK (1,049.94 acres)


     Extends along the east side of the Schuylkill River from Spring Garden Street to Ridge

     Avenue at Wissahickon Creek; East River Drive extends along the Schuylkill River to

     Fairmount Avenue, where it joins the parkway, a distance of five miles. This drive

     offers the principal access to central Philadelphia from Chestnut Hill, Germantown &

     Roxborough; between Ridge Avenue & about the line of Huntingdon Street, the park is

     a narrow strip. The land rises abruptly from the East River Drive. A number of homes

     open to the public, including Strawberry, Woodford, Mount Pleasant & Lemon Hill,

     are located on the higher level.


     Features include the Old Water Works on the Schuylkill River at Fairmount Avenue,

     the Glendinning Rock Garden at Girard Avenue, the Samuel Memorial on the East

     River Drive, & the rowing clubhouses that make up Boat House Row.


     Various athletic fields are located at the Edgeley, Mount Pleasant or Dairy Fields, &

     Woodford entrances. These include baseball, softball, football, & soccer fields,

     basketball & tennis courts, & cross-country racing courses; Boating, canoeing, rowing

     & fishing take place on the Schuylkill River. Summer concerts are held in the Robin

     Hood Dell. The Smith Memorial Playground is equipped with a recreation building &

     Plaisted Hall, north of the Art Museum on Boat House Row, has an indoor basketball



     WEST FAIRMOUNT PARK (1,276.40 acres)


     Extends along the west side of the Schuylkill River in west Philadelphia from Spring

     Garden Street to City Avenue; highly developed park is balanced by natural

     woodlands; area was the site of the Centennial Exhibition of 1876; Philadelphia

     Zoological Garden is located at 34th Street & Girard Avenue. John Penn's home,

     "Solitude." built in 1784-85, is located on the zoo grounds; Memorial Hall, near 42nd

     Street & Parkside Avenue, is the only major building remaining from the Centennial

     Exhibition, It has an indoor swimming pool & a basketball court. It is the headquarters

     of the Fairmount Park Police.


     Cedar Grove & Sweetbriar & Belmont colonial mansions are located nearby as are the

     Japanese Exhibit House & Garden, the John B. Kelly Playhouse-in-the Park, the Ohio

     House, a Nursery, & service facilities.


     Recreation facilities approachable from the various street entrances include baseball,

     softball, football, & soccer fields, archery & tennis courts, cross-country courses,

     cricket, rugby & hockey fields, lawn bowling, & picnic areas; Youngsters fish on the

     Concourse Lake, on which they can skate in the winter. A Carousel Building is located

     near Parkside & Belmont Avenues.


     LOGAN SQUARE (12.20 acres)


     Located on Benjamin Franklin Parkway between 18th & 20th Streets. It is one of the

     four original squares of Philadelphia & contains the Swann Memorial Fountain.


     MORRIS PARK (123.00 acres)


     Located in West Philadelphia, north of Lansdowne Avenue; Extends along the two

     branches of Karakung Creek which meets Cobb's Creek near the southern boundary

     of the park; Ten acres in southern portion are used for baseball, softball & football

     fields & basketball & tennis courts; Bridle paths & trails, picnic area, shelters &

     fireplaces are located throughout the park


     PENNYBACK PARK (1,334.30 acres) (1,618 acres . . . Harnik)


     Located in Northeast Philadelphia, extending along both sides of the Pennyback Creek

     from State Road to Pine Road; For the most part natural woodland, similar to

     Wissahickon Valley; Total length of the park is about ten miles; Contains.84-acre

     Crispin Cemetery, burial place of Thomas Holme, William Penn's Surveyor-General;

     Has bridle paths, picnic areas & fireplaces throughout; an Environmental Center on

     Verree Road; boating, canoeing & fishing in Pennyback Creek; an Equestrian Center

     at Krewstown Road, a Bird Sanctuary near Bloomfield & Verree Roads; & a baseball

     field at Holme & Convent Avenues


     FRANKLIN DELANO PARK (365.86 acres)


     Formerly League Island Park, located in South Philadelphia, south of Pattison Avenue

     & west of South Broad Street; Designed in 1914 by Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. with

     roads, walks, lakes & informal tree planting; Used in 1926 as part of the

     Sesquicentennial of American Independence; Developed portion of the park, adjacent

     to the Philadelphia Naval Base, is intensely used Contains an 18-hole golf course &

     clubhouse, a lake used for boating & ice skating, a swimming pool, tennis courts, a

     track for racing, & baseball, softball & soccer fields; Bellaire, built about 1678, & an

     American Swedish Historical Museum are located on the grounds; Picnic areas &

     fireplaces throughout


     Excerpt from Master Plan of 1969: "By far, the biggest change ever to affect the park

     since its construction will be the removal of the southern & eastern sides of the park for

     the construction of the Delaware Expressway & its ramps. Expressway construction

     will cause a loss of approximately 32 acres of parkland & will remove the running track

     areas adjacent to the baseball fields, a picnic shelter with fireplace, several heavily used

     picnic areas, a soccer field, a volleyball court, a Children's playground, the Melville

     Memorial, several sections of the park road system, a number of walks, the two Broad

     Street entrances & 649 mature trees. "


     SCHUYLKILL RIVER PARK (379.0 acres)


     Excerpt from Master Plan of 1967: Schuylkill River Park will make the riverfront an

     integral part of the city, providing a direct link between Center City & the existing

     Fairmount Park. Facilities will be provided for boating, hiking, cycling & active sports

     for all ages. It is also proposed that there be provision for outdoor dining on a limited

     basis. The mile & a quarter promenade along the river's edge will allow space for

     pleasant walks & sitting areas. From the Schuylkill Expressway, thousands of motorists

     daily get their first glimpse of downtown Philadelphia, & the development of a

     continuous green edge will leave a lasting impression, enhancing the image of the entire



     WISSAHICKON (1,372.25 acres)


     Includes areas of Carpenter's Woods, Clifford Park, Lincoln Drive, Pastorius Park &

     Woodward Pines; Extends along Wissahickon Creek in Roxborough & Germantown

     from Ridge Avenue to Northwestern Avenue, along Cresheim Creek through Cresheim

     Valley to Stanton Avenue, & along Paper Mill Run to Wayne Avenue; Wissahickon

     Creek winds through a deep gorge from Northwestern Avenue, the City of

     Philadelphia & Fairmount Park boundary, to Ridge Avenue, several hundred feet west

     of which it empties into the Schuylkill River; Wissahickon Drive is a continuation of

     East River Drive. It is open as an automobile drive to Paper Mill Run, a distance of

     about a mile. The drive continues along Paper Mill Run as Lincoln Drive until it reaches

     Wayne Avenue; Upper Wissahickon Drive crosses Paper Mill Run &, shortly beyond

     the Wissahickon Creek, it runs parallel to the Creek to Northwestern Avenue. Total

     length of the Upper Drive is about six miles. About midway between Paper Mill Run &

     Northwestern Avenue, Cresheim Creek joins the Wissahickon.


     Park extends along the banks of Cresheim Creek about two miles to Stanton Avenue.

     The park's boundaries on the east & west follow roughly the ridge lines of the

     Wissahickon Valley. The intervening areas are, for the most part, in a natural state.


     Prominent features are Wissahickon Hall, a Park Police Headquarters, Valley Green

     Inn, the David Rittenhouse birthplace, built in 1707 in Rittenhouse Village, the

     Monastery & the Monastery Riding Ring, & the Allen's Lane Art Center. Recreational

     amenities include tennis courts, football fields, riding & hiking trails, picnic areas,

     fireplaces, canoeing & rowing, trout fishing, skating, sledding, sleigh riding, & an

     18-hole golf course & clubhouse.




     A proposal to preserve 240 acres of woodland & streams in an area of expanding

     suburban growth; the plan would provide over seven miles of hiking & bridle paths &

     would connect Fairmount Park with the Schuylkill Valley Nature Center & the planned

     Miquon Recreation System; Proposed funding is 50 percent Federal, 30 percent State,

     & 20 percent local.




     Located at intersection of Meadowbrook Avenue & Hillcrest Avenue





     (202 sites containing 14,301 acres of parks land & 19,683 acres of open space lands

     for a total of 33,984 acres as of July 1, 2000 . . . San Diego Park & Recreation


     32,650 acres . . . Harnik


     (45 community parks, 88 neighborhood parks, & 20 mini parks)


     LA JOLLA UNDERWATER PARK (5,977 acres of dedicated park & water)


     Established in 1970 by the San Diego City Council in response to concerns about

     increasingly damaged or depleted sea life; Under the jurisdiction of the San Diego Park

     & Recreation Department with additional jurisdiction by the San Diego City Life

     Guards; San Diego La Jolla Underwater Park Ecological Reserve (535 acres) part of

     larger park; Runs from the southern border of Scripps Institution of Oceanography to

     Alligator Head, at the west end of La Jolla Cove; Skin & scuba diving permitted; no

     fishing allowed


     MISSION TRAILS PARK (5,700 acres or eight square miles)


     Contains Cowles & Fortuna Mountains; Lake Murray, a Stretch of the San Diego

     River, & the Old Mission Dam, a National Historic Site; Surrounded on three sides by

     urban land; Undeveloped areas are open to picnickers, hikers, mountain bikers, &

     horseback riders; 1.5 mile long trail leads to the summit of 1,591 ft. Cowles Mountain;

     Visitors Interpretative Center


     Lake Murray, a 150-acre body of water, set aside as a reservoir, is used for boating &

     fishing; 3.2 mile Loop Trail & an 18-hole Golf Course are located at Lake Murray


     MISSION BAY PARK (4,600 acres made up of 2,500 acres of salt water & 2,100

     acres of land)


     Contains 27 miles of shoreline & 19 miles of beaches; about 25 percent of the land has

     been set aside for private developers; Sea World Oceanarium (80 acres); Belmont

     Amusement Park; Hotels & Restaurants; Swimming; Water Skiing; Boating; Sailing;

     Fishing; Marinas; Sport fishing Docks; Golf Course; picnicking; Sand Building Contests

     & Bath Tub Races annually





     Jointly operated by the City & County of San Diego; Land was part of the first

     Mexican land grant in San Diego County; Encompasses 3,270 acres of the Penasquitos

     & Lopez Canyons Preserve contains the Los Penasquitos adobe ranch house originally

     built in 1824


     SAN PASQUAL OPEN SPACE (2,341 acres . . . Harnik)


     BALBOA PARK (1172.86 acres) (1,048 acres . . . Harnik)


     Site of the Panama-California Exposition in 1915, the Panama-California International

     Exposition in 1916 & the California-Pacific International Exposition in 1935 & 1936


     SIXTH AVENUE SIDE (144.90 acres): Adult Recreation Center; Lawn bowling;

     Walking; Jogging; Bicycling; Playground; Picnic Areas


     CABRILLO FREEWAY (circa 40 acres) . . . "The freeway is elaborately landscaped

     --- a pioneering concession won from the federal highway authorities as a result of

     citizen protest. Yet nothing really seems to justify this use of parkland. It can only be

     hoped that a movement to widen the expressway will be permanently staved off." . . .

     August Heckscher, "Open Spaces: The Life of American Cities," Harper & Row,

     1977, 187)


     EL PRADO: Museum of Man; St. Francis Chapel; Old Globe Theater; Museum of

     Art; Timken Gallery; Botanical Building; Casa del Prado, home of floral & youth

     groups containing a multi-purpose auditorium & two patios; Casa de Balboa

     accommodating a Museum of Photography, San Diego Historical Society Library &

     Museum, Hall of Champions, & Model Railroad Exhibits; Museum of Natural History;

     Reuben H. Fleet Science Center & Space Theater; Spanish Village consisting of artists'

     shops & studios, a Gem & Mineral Society Museum, & a Photographic Arts Center;

     Merry-go-round; Miniature Railroad; House of Hospitality containing a restaurant,

     office space for non-profit organizations, & an auditorium & rooms for rent; House of

     Charm, home of Mingei Folk Arts Museum & San Diego Art Institute & containing

     rehearsal space for the Old Globe Theater; Spreckels Organ Pavilion seating 2,000; a

     Japanese Friendship Garden of 11.5 acres under development; Formal & informal

     gardens, nature trails, open spaces for impromptu entertainments; Bicycling is permitted

     but skateboarding & roller skating are not allowed


     PALISADES: Starlight Bowl, home of the Starlight Opera, seating 4,249; San Diego

     Aerospace Museum; Municipal Gymnasium; Federal Building, future home of the Hall

     of Champions; Automotive Museum; Puppet Theater & Recital Hall; Balboa Park

     Club; House of Pacific Relations, cottages accommodating national groups who hold

     Open House on Sundays


     PARK BOULEVARD: Balboa Park Administrative Offices; Veterans Memorial

     Center; Centro Cultural de la Raza; Children's Playground, Picnic Area; Rose Garden

     (2 acres); Agave & Succulent Garden (2 acres); Zoological Gardens (130 acres); War

     Memorial Building; Center for the Blind



     CABRILLO CANYON: Boy Scout, Girl Scout & Campfire Girl Camps 50-60 acres)



     BOULEVARD & CABRILLO CANYON: undeveloped & inaccessible


     MORLEY FIELD (110.20 acres): Archery, Frisbee & Tennis Courts; Fly Casting

     Pond; Swimming Pool; Velodrome: Patrick Sandison Club; Club de Petanque;

     Community College Baseball Field


     ARIZONA LANDFILL (49.60 acres): Site of City of San Diego Nursery &

     Maintenance Yards; Undeveloped space formerly used as a dump & now used for dog

     runs & walking


     FLORIDA CANYON (150 acres): Chaparral & Coast Scrub Plant Community;

     Tours Conducted on Weekends by Park Rangers & by Volunteers trained by the San

     Diego Museum of Natural History


     GOLDEN HILL AREA ( 300 acres): Golf Courses (18-hole & 9-hole); Community

     Center; Baseball Diamond; Basketball & Horseshoe Courts; Playground




     Transferred from City to State control in 1956; Rugged Canyons; Nature Trails; Site of

     more than 2,000 Torrey Pines, some 300 years old; Views of Pacific Ocean & Los

     Penasquitos Natural Preserve; "Fat Man's Misery," a three-fourths of a mile long

     narrow passage between sandstone cliffs, rising up to 40 ft. on each side of the path;

     Picnic Areas




     Located in San Clemente Canyon; Finger canyons & mesas on the south side; Hiking

     on trails; biking on maintenance roads; Parking, picnic areas, restroom facilities at

     major entrance


     KATE SESSIONS PARK (81 acres)


     Landscaped park rising above Pacific Beach & offering a panorama of Mission Bay,

     San Diego harbor & skyline, the Pacific Ocean & the mountains of San Diego County

     & Mexico; Rare Trees; Sloping Lawns; Picnic Area




     Ocean-front landscaped park that embraces a bathing cove




     Native habitat along both sides of the seasonal San Diego River in Mission Valley


     PRESIDIO HILL PARK (48 acres)


     Site of founding of San Diego with excavations of the original Presidio & the ruins of

     Fort Stockton; Statues by Arthur Putnam of an Indian & a Spanish Friar; Memorial to

     the Mormon Battalion; Junipero Serra Museum; Privately-leased pitch n putt golf



     SPANISH LANDING (27.2 acres)


     Landscaped section of Harbor Drive with tables & restrooms, offering view of Harbor

     Island & the San Diego harbor & skyline


     MOUNTAIN VIEW PARK (10.29 acres)


     Grassy Slopes; Outdoor Concerts; Recreation Building; Softball Field; Tennis Court;

     Playground; Picnic Area


     CHICANO BAY BRIDGE PARK (5.80 acres)


     Green strip bordering & under the San Diego-Coronado Bay Bridge; Murals on

     Bridge Supports Depict Incidents from the History of Mexicans &

     Mexican-Americans; Park was developed through the efforts of young people who live

     in the adjacent community; Contains Restrooms, a Multi-Purpose Court & a Children's

     Play Area




     (in the process of being acquired by the City of San Diego)


     TECOLOTE CANYON (900 acres)


     Approved by preservation by the San Diego City Council in 1974; Serves as a buffer

     between large residential communities; Chaparral, Scrub & Brush Community; Birds,

     Mice, Reptiles, Hawks, Coyotes Interpretive Center staffed by Park Rangers; Golf

     Course (18 holes); Potential Fire Hazards


     SAN CLEMENTE CANYON (345 acres)


     Undeveloped natural site; Nature Trails & Picnic Areas; Park Rangers provide

     interpretive services & patrol the park Biking Trail (approximately 4 miles)


     For additional information contact

     Stan Fye, Project Assistant

     Park & Recreation Dept.

     Northern Parks Division

     Park Planning Section


     202 C Street (MS#35)

     San Diego, CA 92101





     Detroit Recreation Department

     (56 city-owned parks consisting of 3,843 acres)

     5,890 acres . . . Harnik


     BELLE ISLE PARK (985 acres) (982 acres . . . Harnik)


     Originally planned by Frederick Law Olmsted in 1882; Located on an island on the

     Detroit River

     Whitcomb Conservatory; Dossin Great Lakes Museum; Children's Zoo; Aquarium;

     Jerome H. Remick Music Shell; Scott Memorial Fountain; View of River Traffic &

     Detroit Skyline; Formal Outdoor Garden; Nature Trails; Fishing, swimming, canoeing,

     horseback riding, & fields for baseball, football, handball, softball, soccer, tennis;

     Casino & Refectories; 9-hole & 18-hole golf courses & a driving range; model yacht

     basin; ice skating area; speedboat rides; picnic areas; 238-acre native wooded area

     with a herd of deer, pheasants, & black & fox squirrels; Site of three-day weekend

     Detroit Grand Prix auto race each year; 15 miles of roadways, some as many as 6

     lanes wide . . . Harnik


     "Today Belle Isle, enlarged by landfill to a thousand acres, is in many of its areas a

     hodgepodge of inharmonious and tasteless structures, while delicate wrought-iron

     bridges from the last century decay and rust." . . . August Heckscher, "Open Spaces:

     The Life of American Cities," Harper & Row, 1977, 178)




     Rest area with benches in downtown Detroit










     Facilities for picnicking, hiking, bicycle racing & girl's field hockey; baseball & softball

     diamonds, tennis courts, wading & swimming pools, playgrounds




     Situated around Kent Lake; Fishing, swimming, canoeing, boating; Nature Trails;

     18-hole golf course; ice skating, tobogganing & sledding in winter


     METROPOLITAN BEACH (55 acres)


     On Lake St. Clair; 18-hole golf course, archery range, swimming pools, play areas for

     small children


     PALMER PARK (287 acres)


     Palmer Log Cabin containing heirlooms, cooking utensils, furniture & weapons of the

     Witherell, Merril & Palmer families; Merril Fountain; riding academy, 18-hole golf

     courses (2), tennis, shuffleboard & handball courts, football field, horseshoe & volley

     ball areas, small lakes (2) - ice skating in winter, wading pool, bait & fly casting pool;

     picnic areas; Planted with trees & shrubs


     RIVER ROUGE PARK (1,204 acres) (1,200 acres . . . Harnik)


     Rolling woodland threaded from north to south by River Rouge; Automobile drives,

     bridle paths, bathhouse, swimming pools of Olympic standards (3), 18-hole golf

     course, tennis courts, 40-acre athletic field containing one-quarter mile cinder track,

     jumping & vaulting pits, baseball diamonds (2), & a football field; Children's

     playgrounds in south central area (2), each of seven acres with wading pools &

     playground equipment; winter sports in central section including a six-acre skating rink,

     six 700-ft. toboggan slides, stables, hurdles, & bridle paths for the National Guard, & a

     pistol range for the Detroit Police Department; a 130-acre municipal nursery in western




     600 Woodward

     Detroit, MI 48226





     (296 city-owned parks encompassing a total of 47,025 acres)

     21,828 acres . . . Harnik


     TRINITY RIVER PARK (3,653 acres . . . Harnik)


     Focus of park and parkway plan by George Kessler in 1910; Flood control projects;

     concrete channel; levee; lock operations for boats & barges; Linear parks & chain of

     lakes devoted to a variety of recreation activities in planning stages


     WHITE ROCK LAKE PARK (2,314 acres)


     White Rock Lake Park/Greenbelt (2,956 acres . . . Harnik)


     Plan prepared by George Kessler in the 1910's


     Extends around shore of White Rock Lake, covering 1,095 acres, which serves Dallas

     as a reservoir water storage basin; Picnicking; Horseback Riding; Fishing; Boating;

     Bathing; Aquatic Sports; Regattas for Sailboats & Indoor & Outdoor Motor Craft;

     Clubhouses; Private Fishing & Boating Camps; Fish Hatchery; Boathouse;

     Neighborhood Pool; Lighted Baseball Diamonds (6); Unlighted Baseball Diamonds

     (4); Bleachers (18); Lighted Tennis Courts (4); Unlighted Tennis Court; Play Facilities

     (46); Shelters (2); Picnic Tables (327); Nature Trail; Bicycle Trail; Parking Spaces



     ROCHESTER PARK (983 acres . . . Harnik)


     Located in South Dallas & classified as a regional park; Acquired in 1954; playfields,

     ball courts & picnic tables (11)


     FAIR PARK (277 acres)


     Site of Texas Centennial in 1936 & the Texas State Fair held each October


     Buildings: World Exhibit Center; Automobile & Recreation; New Dimensions Pavilion;

     Women's; Better Living Center; Food & Fiber; Aquarium; Health & Science Museum;

     Museum of Natural History; Texas Hall of State; Age of Steam & Railroad Museum;

     Garden Center; State Fair Music Hall; Cotton Bowl Stadium; Livestock Coliseum,



     MARSALIS PARK (47.72 acres)


     Reconstruction of old Hord House built of squared logs with a chimney of white

     limestone blocks; Municipal Zoological Garden (25 acres); Picnic Tables (18), Parking

     Spaces (550)


     REVERCHON PARK (41 acres)


     Landscaping & stonework done by Works Progress Administration; Turtle Creek in



     KATY TRAIL (22 acres)


     Three-mile long trail alongside a track abandoned by the Missouri-Kansas-Texas



     ROBERT E. LEE PARK (17.50 acres)


     Reproduction of the Arlington, Virginia Home of Robert E. Lee; Statue of General

     Robert E. Lee on Traveler, his favorite horse; Neighborhood Pool, Unlighted Baseball

     Diamond, Shelter, Picnic Tables (6), Parking Spaces (4)


     OLD CITY PARK ( 13 acres)


     Established in 1876; Early Homes; Log Cabins; Queen Anne Mansions


     PIONEER PARK ( 4.2 acres)


     Sculpture of 54 longhorn steers crossing a flowing stream; Operated in a partnership

     agreement between Dallas Parks & Recreation Department, Dallas Tress & Parks

     Foundation, & the Dallas Convention Center


     DEALY PLAZA (3 acres)


     Site of assassination of President John F. Kennedy





     Phoenix Parks, Recreation & Library Department

     (200 city-owned parks encompassing 30,412 acres)

     34,901 acres . . . Harnik


     SOUTH MOUNTAIN PRESERVE PARK (15,000 acres) (16,283 acres . . .



     Dobbin's Lookout at 2,330 ft.; Mountain setting with virgin cactus strands, rock

     formations & a variety of wildlife; Horseback Riding; Hiking; Picnicking; No Camping


     NORTH MOUNTAIN PRESERVE PARK (7,500 acres . . . Harnik)


     PAPAGO PARK (1,200 acres)


     Desert Botanical Gardens (150 acres); Phoenix Zoo & Children's Zoo (123 acres);

     Small Lakes (7); State Fish Hatchery; Municipal Stadium; Golf Course (18-holes);

     Horseback Riding; Hiking, Picnicking


     ENCANTO PARK (219 acres)


     Acquired through purchase & donation in 1934; Sports & recreation area; Carnival

     Rides; Bandshell; Garden Center; Lagoon with boats for hire; the "Encanto Queen"

     sternwheeler leaves on 20- minute cruises several times daily; Golf Courses (2); Tennis

     courts, Badminton & Shuffleboard Courts; Swimming; Dancing; Picnicking; Nature



     INDIAN SCHOOL PARK (74 acres)


     Historic, recreational and passive park on site of the old federal Phoenix Indian School;

     Paths, pool, pond, conservatory, 3 historic buildings, landscape symbolizing the Hopi

     Circle of Life; Scheduled to open in 2000


     HANCE PARK (30 acres)


     Deck built over the Papago Freeway


     RIO SALADO GREENWAY (550 acres)


     Proposed project supported by U.S. Army Corps of Engineers & conservationists;

     Semi-irrigated parkland along Rio Salado using treated contaminated water; Designed

     for pedestrians, bicyclists and wildlife





     (6.832 acres of city-owned parks)


     ALAMO PLAZA (1.1 acres)


     Alamo, Cenotaph memorial to those who died fighting for Texas at the Alamo, &



     BRACKENRIDGE PARK (457 acres)


     Water Works Company donated 248.78 acres to the city in 1899; named for George

     W. Brackenridge, the company's president Playgrounds, pavilions, sky ride, miniature

     railroad, bridle paths, picnic areas, paddle boats, 18-hole golf course, driving range,

     Japanese Sunken Gardens, Sunken Gardens, open-air theater, Witte Museum (history,

     science & the humanities), & San Antonio Zoological Gardens.


     BOTANICAL CENTER (33 acres)


     Native Texas area, formal gardens, conservatory featuring tropical & desert plants,

     Japanese garden, garden for the blind, Children's garden, & educational tours &



     HEMISFAIR PLAZA (15 acres)


     Children's playground & water gardens.


     OLMOS BASIN (739 acres)


     Playgrounds, picnic tables, pavilion & playing fields (baseball, soccer, multi-purpose).


     ROOSEVELT PARK (12.9 acres)


     Pavilion, playground, picnic tables, & swimming pool.


     SAN ANTONIO RIVERWALK (15.4 acres)


     Landscaped walkways, shops, boat rides, & outdoor theater.


     SAN PEDRO PARK (46 acres)


     Pavilion, picnic tables, swimming pool, playground, softball fields, & McFarlin Tennis



     WOODLAWN LAKE (62 acres)


     Pavilion, playground, picnic tables, swimming pool, gymnasium, softball field, tennis

     courts, & casting pool.


     Special Projects Coordinator

     City of San Antonio

     P. O. Box 839966

     San Antonio, Texas 78283-3966





     (152 city-owned parks & playgrounds consisting of 3,136 acres)


     ALUM ROCK PARK (720 acres)


     Founded in 1872; A Health Spa from 1890 to 1932 ; Known as "Little Yosemite"

     because of natural formations; Visitor Center, Junior Museum; Hiking Trails,

     Horseback Riding Trails (6 miles); Bicycle Trails (3 miles), Rest Areas, Playgrounds

     (2); Picnic Areas


     LAKE CUNNINGHAM PARK (200 acres)


     Lake (50 acres), Boating, Wind Surfing, Fishing, No Swimming, Jogging


     KELLY PARK (156 acres)


     Originally part of estate of Judge Lawrence Archer, former mayor of San Jose; Happy

     Hollow Children's Park (7.5 acres); Japanese Friendship Garden (5.6 acres);

     Zoological Gardens (2.0 acres); Leininger Community Center; Junior Theater

     Workshop; San Jose Historical Museum; Amphitheater for band performances; Picnic



     ALMADEN LAKE PARK (64 acres)


     Man-made lake formed as a result of a quarry operation, Opened for public use in

     1982; Sand beach, Supervised swimming area, Fishing, Boating, Wind Surfing, Paddle

     Boating, Volleyball, Horseshoes; Snack Bar; Picnic Areas, Tot Lot


     EMMA PRUSCH FARM PARK (47 acres)


     Dedicated as a public park in 1962; Multicultural Arts Center; International grove of

     trees; 100 community garden plots; acres of open grass for picnicking, kite flying,

     games & relaxing; fruit orchard; barn; farm animals; landscaping classes; cultural

     festivals, seasonal farmer's market




     Opened to public in 1966; Lakes (3), Arboretum; Chinese Cultural Garden, Fragrance

     Garden for the Blind, Natural & Wildlife Areas


     MUNICIPAL ROSE GARDEN (5.5 acres)


     Over 3,500 rose shrubs with 189 varieties; Reflection pool, Two-tiered water fountain,

     Miniature rose beds, Test gardens




     SAN JOSE FAMILY CAMP (40 acres)


     3,200 foot elevation family camp near the West Gate of Yosemite National Park; Tent

     cabins, Dining complex; Staff facilities; Campfire circles, Lodge, Wheelchair accessible

     facilities; Fishing, Hiking, Swimming, Softball, Horseshoes, Archery, Shuffleboard,

     Organized Programs; Open to campers from mid-April to mid-October


     Conventions, Arts & Entertainment

     Alum Rock Park

     16240 Alum Rock Avenue

     San Jose, California 95127





     Baltimore City Department of Recreation & Parks

     (397 city-owned park areas & tracts on a total of 6,314 acres)

     5,048 acres . . . Harnik


     GWYNNS FALLS PARK (686.106 acres) Gwynns Falls & Leakin Park (1,100

     acres) . . . Harnik


     Gwynn Falls Trail slated to stretch 14 miles from the Baltimore County line to the Inner

     Harbor; Includes Bergner Playground, Daisy Field, Edmondale & Lower Gwynn Falls

     Playground; Baseball & Softball Diamonds; Football Fields; Outdoor Basketball

     Courts; Quoit Ranges; Surfaced Tennis Courts; Play Areas


     DRUID HILL PARK (648.549 acres)


     Baltimore Zoo (200 acres), Museum of Natural History; Band concerts; Playgrounds

     (6), Archery Range, Baseball diamonds (4), Softball Diamonds (5), Clay Tennis

     Courts (10), Surfaced Tennis Courts (16), Football Fields (2), Outdoor Basketball

     Court, Picnic Groves (10), Volley Ball Courts (2), Swimming Pool


     HERRING RUN PARK (323.785 acres)


     Coxon's Meadow; Playgrounds (3), Baseball Diamonds (5), Baseball Diamonds, 60 ft.

     (9), Softball Diamonds (4), Football Fields (4), Outdoor Basketball Court, Picnic

     Groves (7), Rugby Field, Soccer Fields (4)


     MOUNT PLEASANT PARK (261.74 acres)


     Golf Course, Football Field, Picnic Grove, Playground, Soccer Field


     CLYBURN PARK (174.02 acres)


     Clyburn Mansion (Home of Nature Museum), Horticultural Library, Clyburn Garden

     Center, Clyburn Wilderness Center (70 acres); Nature Trails; Arboretum; Formal

     Gardens; Bird, Tree & Flower Walks; Camp Small


     PATTERSON LAKE PARK (155.28 acres) (144 acres . . . Harnik)


     Breastwork, Artillery, Lookout; Chinese Pagoda; 3-acre Boat Lake; Fishing; Athletic

     Field; Swimming Pool; Baseball Diamonds (3); Softball Diamonds (11); Badminton

     Court; Boccie Court; Volley Ball Courts (2); Outdoor Basketball Courts (5); Outdoor

     Shuffleboard Courts (2); Football Field; Hockey Fields; Soccer Fields (5);

     Multi-Purpose Enclosed Field; Ice- Skating Rink; Roller Skating Rinks (2);

     Playgrounds (2); Quoit Shed


     WYMAN PARK (98.02 acres)


     Museum of Art; Softball Diamonds (2); Playground






     130 city parks covering 9,375 acres)

     11,547 acres . . . Harnik


     EAGLE CREEK PARK (4,900 acres) (4,813 . . . Harnik)


     Contains a variety of wildflowers, shrubs & native & specimen trees; rolling country;

     scenic brooks; lakes & an abundance of small woodland animals, birds, waterfowl &

     Virginia Whitetail deer; Nature Center Arboretum; Indian Museum; Swimming;

     boating; fishing on reservoir; bicycling; bridle paths; 27-hole golf complex; youth

     camping; Children's play area; picnicking; Crafts Center with studios for professional &

     amateur craftsmen


     UPPER FALL CREEK (1,660 acres . . . Harnik)


     RIVERSIDE PARK (930 acres)


     Amusements; 18-hole golf courses (3); baseball diamond; picnic area


     GARFIELD PARK (128 acres)


     Sunken gardens; pagoda; greenhouses & fountains; swimming pool; tennis courts;

     miscellaneous sports facilities


     HOLIDAY PARK (80 acres)


     Group of figures sculptured by Karl Bitter; trees & shrubs


     UNIVERSITY PARK (4 acres)


     DePauw Fountain designed by Karl Bitter & executed by A. Stirling Calder; Pieces of

     World War artillery; Floral Displays




     Zoological Park; Japanese Garden; Miniature Farm


     GREENWAYS (4,700 acres . . . Harnik)




     Abandoned railroad; Bicyclists, pedestrians


     GOLF COURSES (13 covering 1,632 acres . . . Harnik)


     Management of courses contracted out to private companies





     San Francisco Recreation & Park Department

     (225 city-owned parks & squares)

     3,317 acres . . . Harnik


     GOLDEN GATE PARK (1,107 acres)


     First planned by William Hammond Hall between 1871 & 1876; Site of Mid-Winter

     International Exposition of 1894


     Kezar Stadium seating 60,000; Conservatory; Steinhart Aquarium & Academy of

     Science; De Young Museum of Art; Music Concourse; Japanese Tea Garden;

     McLaren Rhododendron Dell; Strybing Arboretum & Botanical Garden (46 acres);

     Lakes: Spreckels, Stow; Lindley Meadow (25 acres); Buffalo paddock; Children's

     playground; 9-hole golf course; lawn bowling greens (3); tennis courts (21); fly & plug

     casting pools (3); indoor handball courts (2); outdoor handball courts (2); archery

     fields; horseshoe courts; stables; polo fields; equestrian field; bridle paths; bicycle

     paths; model boating


     Miscellaneous Notes (July 8, 1987: Boy Scouts allowed a Camporee in Golden Gate

     Park two nights in the summer time; City of San Francisco charges admissions to the

     Japanese Gardens (now up to $1.00) & the Park Department maintains the gardens.

     The souvenir & tea concessions have been losing money because of the admissions

     charge; consequently, their return to the City is down. Conservatory of Flowers

     charges a $1.00 admission & a concession inside sells plants. Museums are subsidized

     from a ten percent return on the City's Transient Occupancy Tax. They can lease their

     facilities out at night.


     JOHN MCLAREN PARK (326 acres)


     Steep hills, canyons & sloping meadows; rough terrain; 40 x 100 ft. enclosed

     swimming pool; 9-hole golf course; baseball diamonds (11); soccer field; court area


     LINCOLN PARK (270 acres)


     California Palace of the Legion of Honor; Golf course; nature trails




     Storyland; Prairie Dog Village; Lake


     AQUATIC PARK (34.5 acres)


     Maritime Museum; Stadium; Sandy beaches; Boccie courts


     UNION SQUARE (2.6 acres)


     Landscaped park with 1,700-car parking garage underneath





     (138 city-owned parks & playgrounds consisting of 1,522 acres)




     Master plan prepared by Gerald Dake Associates; For multi-faceted family & group

     recreation; Camping; Water Activities, both ocean & lake front; Pedestrian Malls;

     Transportation within the Park Provided by Train; "Natural" Area (66 acres)




     Amusement Rides; Miniature Train; Picnic Facilities


     JENNINGS PARK (40.06 acres)


     Undeveloped passive park


     WILLOW BRANCH PARK (20.0 acres)


     Rose Garden; Softball Courts (2); Tot-Lot; Play Equipment


     ST. JOHN'S RIVER PARK & MARINA (10.0 acres)


     Active Multi-Use Park; Lighted Fountain & Pavilion; Boating





     (203 city-owned parks consisting of 12,891 acres)


     HOOVER RESERVOIR (4,707 acres consisting of 941.153 acres of land &

     3,843.00 acres of water)


     Flower Garden; Boating; River Fishing; Patrolled Sailboat Areas; Nature Observation;

     Hiking; Sledding; Open Shelters; Picnicking


     O'SHAUGHNESSEY RESERVOIR (1,143 acres consisting of 314.44 acres of land

     & 829.00 acres of water)


     Boating; River Fishing; Patrolled Sailboat Areas; Water Skiing; Nature Observation;

     Hiking; Bicycling; Sledding; Picnicking


     GRIGGS RESERVOIR (558 acres consisting of 195.38 acres of land & 363.00 acres

     of water)


     Natural Falls; Overlook; Nature Observation; Boating; River Fishing; Water Skiing;

     Bicycling; Sledding; Picnicking


     THREE RIVERS (412.964 acres)


     BIG RUN (277.653 acres)


     Soap Box Derby; Nature Observation; Hiking; Picnicking


     SOUTHVIEW (220.0 acres)


     River Fishing; Nature Observation; Ball Diamonds; Bicycling; Sledding; Picnicking with



     WHETSTONE (161.363 acres)


     Rose Garden (13.5 acres); Headquarters of the American Rose Society Test Garden;

     Nature Observation; Outdoor concerts; Baseball, Softball & Football Fields;

     Basketball, Horseshoe & Tennis Courts; Casting Pool; Bicycling; Hiking; Ice Skating;

     Sledding; Play Equipment; Recreation Center; Picnicking with & without Reservations


     FRANKLIN (100.00 acres)


     Conservatory; Flower Garden; Combination Baseball & Softball Field; Bikeway (1

     mile); Pond Fishing; Ice Skating; Sledding; Play Equipment; Picnicking with



     ZOO (82.62 acres)


     GOODALE (32.71 acres)


     Bandshell; Flower Garden; Combination Baseball & Softball Fields; Basketball,

     Horseshoe & Tennis Courts; Ice Skating; Play Equipment; Picnicking


     RIVERSIDES (29.433 acres)


     Various locations along rivers; floating band shell; floating paddleboat marina; bicycle

     paths; walkways


     SCHILLER (23.45 acres)


     Bandshell; Flower Garden; Pond Fishing; Combination Baseball & Softball Field;

     Basketball, Horse show & Tennis Courts; Ice Skating; Sledding; Play Equipment;

     Recreation Center; Picnicking


     INDIAN MOUND (21.47 acres)


     LIVINGSTONE (8.86 acres)


     Combination Baseball & Softball Fields; Basketball & Tennis Courts; Bicycling;





     AIRPORT (134.00 acres) 18-hole


     BOLTON FIELD 18-hole


     RAYMOND MEMORIAL (214.00 acres) 18-hole


     WILSON ROAD 9-hole


     WALNUT HILL 9-hole





     Park System is under jurisdiction of Milwaukee County Department of Parks,

     Recreation & Culture


     (132 parks & 14 parkways containing 14,759 acres)


     PARKWAYS (7,438 acres with 32 miles of paved parkway drives)


     Borders Lake Michigan & various other water courses of Milwaukee County; strips of

     greenery alongside scenic drives; open space for recreational activities; flood control;

     practice golf; softball; volleyball; archery; bicycling; nature study; wildlife, picnicking, &



     PARKS (7,321 acres)


     BROWN DEER (367 acres)


     Special features: picturesque lagoon where children can fish; groves of evergreen,

     beech, tamarack & other species, some with nature paths; 18 hole golf course, which is

     site of Greater Milwaukee Open, reserved areas & many other spots for picnicking;

     play equipment, softball diamonds; soccer, tennis, & sand volleyball.


     CURRIE (209 acres)


     Menomonee River runs through park. Site of the county's first airfield. Main attraction

     an 18 hole golf course. No picnic facilities.


     DRETZKA (327 acres)


     Main feature an 18 hole golf course. A picnic area with shelter building on west end.

     Also, football, rugby, sand volleyball, disc golf, & a championship cross country



     ESTABROOK (115 acres)


     Scenic strip along the north bank of the Milwaukee River. Features hiking trail along

     river, & fishing. A dam with gates that are raised or lowered to control the water

     depths in the river. Park also has ball fields, play equipment, picnic areas.


     GRANT (381 acres)


     Second largest park in system. Outstanding view of Lake Michigan from its high bluffs,

     ravines with nature trails leading down to the lake, woods with wild flowers, beach &

     bathhouse. Has 18 hole golf course, oldest in the parks, opened in 1920. Facilities for

     softball, tennis & soccer, picnic areas scattered throughout the park, play equipment.

     Food available at the golf clubhouse. Fishermen can launch boats at the mouth of Oak

     Creek near the Grant Park beach.


     GREENFIELD (295 acres)


     Large lagoon, woods & a bog area provide a sanctuary for nesting ducks, birds &

     other wildlife. Many recreational activities featuring family aquatic center, 18 hole golf

     course, picnicking, Children's fishing, baseball, softball, sand volleyball, play equipment.


     JACKSON (117 acres)


     Wooded park with a large lagoon & many recreational facilities. The lagoon has two

     islands frequented by ducks & other birds. Jackson has a swimming pool, ballfields

     including one for football, play equipment & many picnic areas.


     KLETZSCH (119 acres)

     On west side of Milwaukee River. Fine for picnics with woods interspersed by open

     areas for romping or playing volleyball. Also has play equipment, softball diamonds,

     soccer fields.


     LAKE (140 acres)


     Originally designed by Frederick Law Olmsted. One of the oldest parks in the county,

     it dates back to the 1890's; Points of interest include an old lighthouse, the "lion

     bridges," ravines & an excellent view of Lake Michigan. Old pavilion on the edge of the

     bluff contains a fine restaurant. Park also has bowling greens, an 18 hole pitch & putt

     golf course, bicycle trail, softball & soccer fields, nature trails, play equipment, &

     lighted tennis courts; Site of Saarinen War Memorial used as a museum & community



     LINCOLN (312 acres)


     Milwaukee River runs through the park & contains several islands that serve as wildlife

     sanctuaries; Facilities include picnic areas, a pavilion overlooking a scenic bend in the

     river, a swimming pool, nine hole golf course, soccer fields, football fields, baseball &

     softball diamonds, tennis courts, play equipment.


     MITCHELL (61 acres)


     Main feature - Horticultural Conservatory "Domes" consisting of three beehive shaped

     structures. This facility which consists of Arid, Tropical & Show Domes, attracts about

     250,000 visitors annually. The park also contains a lagoon, football, soccer & softball

     fields, basketball & sand volleyball courts, play equipment & a wading pool.


     WARNIMONT (292 acres)


     Bluff lands offering panoramic views of Lake Michigan. Paved bicycle trail loops

     through park & past an 18 hole, par three golf course & the nearby Cudahy City Hall.

     It has no picnic areas or sports facilities, but it is a good place to hike or bike.


     WASHINGTON (135 acres)


     Located in the heart of the city. One of the oldest in the county, originally designed by

     Frederick Law Olmsted, it dates back to the early 1890's, it once was the home of the

     Zoo. A senior center now stands on part of the old Zoo site. Other facilities include the

     Emil Blatz Temple of Music which has outdoor summer concerts, a lagoon where

     children may fish & wild ducks wade along the shore, a swimming pool, baseball

     diamonds, soccer fields, tennis courts, play equipment, & many picnic areas.


     WHITNALL (640 acres)


     County's largest park - main feature is the outstanding Boerner Botanical Gardens &

     Arboretum, one of the best in the Midwest. Garden contains test plots of grasses &

     shrubs useful to homeowners & an indoor botanical library & exhibit room. Park also

     contains the Wehr Nature Center, an 18 hole golf course, picnic & play areas, an

     overnight lodge for groups & miles of trails for hikers leading to points of natural &

     historical interest.


     Department of Parks & Recreation

     Milwaukee County

     9480 Watertown Plank Road

     Wauwatosa, Wisconsin 53226






     (230 parks & playgrounds on 13,291 acres)


     AUDUBON PARK (373 acres)


     Goldsmith's Civic Garden Center & Memphis Botanic Garden (87 acres); Goldsmith

     Center was constructed in 1964 as a gift from the Goldsmith family. Areas include a

     Japanese Garden, an Ozalea Trail; a Wild Flower Garden, a Magnolia Garden, an Iris

     Garden, a Rose Garden, a Dahlia Garden, an Arboretum, a Camellia House, an

     Orchard House, & a Conservatory. The Garden Center has a library with meeting

     rooms, areas for floral displays, a sculpture garden, & a greenhouse; 18-acre lake with

     two pavilions; Left Wish Tennis Center with 12 lighted tennis courts; an 18-hole Golf

     Course; a Lighted Softball Diamond; Picnic Facilities


     OVERTON PARK (342 acres)


     Memphis Academy of Arts; Brooks Memorial Art Gallery; Amphitheater; Memorial to

     Doughboys of World War I; Small zoo; small lake; formal garden area; 9-hole Golf

     Course; Picnic Facilities




     Much of park is undeveloped & heavily wooded; Marina & boat launching ramp on

     McKellar Lake; 9-hole Golf Course; Picnic Facilities


     FAIRGROUNDS PARK (151 acres)


     Home of the Mid-South Fair & the Memphis Cotton Carnival; Theme park, "Liberty

     Land," slated for development on site; Blues Baseball Stadium; Mid-South Coliseum;

     Memphis Memorial Stadium (home of the Liberty Bowl); Exhibit Facilities


     MEMPHIS MUSEUM (37.88 acres)


     Memphis Museum, sometimes called the "Pink Palace," is the former home of Clarence

     Saunder, founder of the Piggly Wiggly Food Store. The museum's exterior is of pink

     marble. Features include a Planetarium, a Museum of Natural History, & a Museum of

     the Mid-South.




     W. C. HANDY PARK (0.40 acres)


     Dedicated to memory of the "Father of the Blues"; a statue of Handy stands in the park




     Some of the older homes of architectural significance have been preserved




     CONFEDERATE PARK (2.68 acres)


     Part of the public promenade established in the original city plan for Memphis


     ASHBURN PARK (2.26 acres)


     Offers a view of the Mississippi River




     100-ft. Strip of Land along the Mississippi River Side of the Island; Pavilion; Shelter;

     Picnic Facilities




     Development proposed for the south tip of City Island that will include a River

     Museum, Mississippi River Model; Observation Towers, a Marina, a Restaurant, & an



     DE SOTO PARK (17.22 acres)


     Offers last view of the Mississippi River as it turns west from Memphis; Three huge

     Indian mounds on the site


     TOM LEE PARK (8.00 acres)


     Dedicated to memory of a black citizen who saved people from drowning in a boating

     accident of the Mississippi River; Affords a view of Riverside Drive when the Crepe

     Myrtle & Dogwood Trees are in bloom



     19. WASHINGTON, D. C.


     (753 city-owned parks on a total of 7,725 acres)




     CAPITOL GROUNDS (160 acres)


     Landscaped areas to the north & south of the Capitol building




     THE MALL (146.36 acres)


     Wide green park cut by a grid of broad streets with government buildings flanking it on

     either side, &, to a limited degree, within the park Buildings: National Gallery of Art,

     National Museum of Natural History, Museum of History & Technology, Smithsonian

     Institution, Freer Art Gallery, Air Museum, Arts & Industries Building, Armed Forced

     Medical Museum


     WEST POTOMAC PARK (394.87 acres)


     Setting for three of the most famous memorials in the country: the Washington

     Monument, the Lincoln Memorial & Reflecting Pool, & the Jefferson Memorial & Tidal

     Basin surrounded by Japanese Cherry Trees; Sweeping lawns, hundreds of trees, &

     miles of paths & walks


     EAST POTOMAC PARK (328.99 acres)


     Long, slightly curving finger of flat land extending southeast about a mile and a half from

     the Jefferson Memorial Headquarters for the National Capitol Region, a Division of the

     National Park Service & the Agency Maintaining the Parks & Monuments of the

     District of Columbia; Site for home of National Aquarium; Golf Courses with 9-holes

     (3), Golf Course with 5-holes (1), Swimming Pool




     WHITE HOUSE GARDENS (18 acres)


     Not open to public; Scene of egg roll on Easter Morning to which children of

     Washington, D. C. are invited


     ELLIPSE ( )


     Round park behind the White House with baseball fields & play areas


     LAFAYETTE SQUARE (6.96 acres)


     Square in front of the White House with a equestrian statue of General Andrew

     Jackson in the center




     RAWLINS PARK (1.44 acres)


     Statue of General John A. Rawlins; Central pools filled in the summer with water lilies




     CHESAPEAKE & OHIO CANAL (19,950 acres)


     One of several locks in the old canal; Hiking & bicycling along the canal banks


     ROCK CREEK PARK (1,754 acres)


     National Zoological Park (175 acres); Nature Center with Exhibit Hall & Auditorium,

     Planetarium, Peirce Mill, a restored gristmill originally built about 1820, Carter Barron

     Amphitheater; 18-hole Golf Course, 14 miles of Bridle Paths, 15 miles of Foot Trails,

     Picnic Groves (70), Tennis Courts, Football, Baseball, Softball & Volleyball Fields;

     Archery Ranges, Dog-Training Area


     DUMBARTON OAKS (27.03 acres)


     Mansion of Georgian design completed in 1801 & surrounded by formal gardens


     MONTROSE PARK (15.69 acres)


     Rugged, wooded park adjoining Dumbarton Oaks Park




     ANACOSTIA PARK (750 acres)


     Scenic park developed from former marshland; Golf courses, Baseball & Football

     Fields, Tennis Courts, Croquet & Quoit Grounds, Bird Sanctuary, Swimming Pool,

     Private Boat Clubs


     MOUNT VERNON (500 acres)


     Owned & operated by Mount Vernon Ladies Association; Example of a complete

     Colonial plantation Mansion House was the home of George Washington, the first

     President of the United States; Museum & Administration Building; Crypt in which

     George Washington & his wife Martha are buried


     NATIONAL ARBORETUM (415 acres)


     Experimental forest maintained by the Department of Agriculture




     Patch of wilderness consisting of a swamp, marsh & upland forest; Statue of Theodore

     Roosevelt by Paul Manship; About three & one-half miles of foot trails; no picnic or

     camping areas




     Water lilies, lotus, iris & subaquatic plants


     MERIDIAN HILL PARK (12 acres)


     Formal park taking its character from traditional Italian & French parks; water used

     lavishly in terraces & wall fountains


     FORT STEVENS (8.90 acres)


     Restored palisades & ramparts behind which General Wright repelled the advance of

     General Early's Confederate Army on July 11 & 12, 1864 & so saved the capital






     (215 City-owned parks & playgrounds, 65 squares, etc. consisting of 2,276.36 acres)

     2,693 acres . . . Harnik




     Charles Eliot & Sylvester Baxter proposed the Regional Authority Plan in 1891.



     RIVER ( ? acres)


     On both sides of the Charles River with Waltham, Watertown & Cambridge on the

     north banks & Newton, Brookline & Boston on the south banks; Indoor-Outdoor

     Theaters; Hatch Memorial Shell for daytime & evening concerts; Boating; Shore

     Fishing; Lagoons; Swimming Pools; Skating Rinks; Nature Walks; Playgrounds




     Part of the Charles River Reservation between the North Station & Lechmere;

     Museum of Science; Hayden Planetarium




     BOSTON COMMONS (48.40 acres) & BOSTON PUBLIC GARDENS (24.25



     Oldest park in country; Swan Boats in Public Gardens; Robert Gould Shaw

     Monument; Brewer Fountain; Aluminum Tree; Monument to Boston Massacre;

     Benches; Bandstand; Frog Pond used for wading in summer & ice-skating in winter;

     Free Speech Area; Playground



     FENWAY (113.19 acres)


     Frederick Law Olmsted prepared plans in 1878; Area is bordered by the Museum of

     Fine Arts & the Isabella Gardner Museum; Ducks; Rustic Bridges; Paths; Benches;

     Rose Garden


     ARNOLD ARBORETUM (265 acres)


     Frederick Law Olmsted advised Charles S. Sargent on plans in 1878; Over 6,000

     kinds of trees & shrubs maintained by Harvard University; No picnicking


     FRANKLIN PARK (429.0 acres)


     Frederick Law Olmsted prepared plan in 1886; Open & Forested Space; Franklin

     Park Zoo (72 acres); White Stadium; Playhouse; Playing Fields; Riding Trails; Tennis

     Courts; 18-hole Golf Course on Great Meadow; Major encroachments: Shattuck

     Hospital; stadium & parking lot


     JAMAICA POND & PARK & (70.0 acres of water, 55.0 acres of land)


     Original plan by Frederick Law Olmsted in 1892; Expanse of fresh water encircled by

     a parkway; sloping lawns; shade trees; benches; Children's Museum; Fishing by permit;

     Rowboats; Ice Skating; Jogging; Walking


     POST OFFICE SQUARE PARK (1.7 acres)


     A 7-level parking garage for 1,400 cars constructed in 1988-90 with overhead park to

     replace a 4-level surface parking structure; Park designed by the Halvorson Company

     of Boston; garage designed by Ellenszweig Associates of Cambridge; Copper and

     green glass fountain in the middle of the park's North Plaza designed by sculptor

     Howard Ben Tre from Rhode Island; Called "Garage Mahal" by newspaper writers;

     Seating in park accommodates as many as 1,000 people & includes wooden and steel

     benches & 700 linear feet of sculptural granite wall; Year-round copper-&-glass

     kosher café; Financed & operated by Friends of Post Office Square, Inc., who pay

     expenses, taxes & interest on its loan




     LARZ ANDERSON PARK (64 acres)


     Rolling hills & fields offering a view of Boston; a lagoon; floral beds; Museum of

     Transportation, formerly the coach house & stables of the Anderson estate, designed

     after a French castle at Chaumont; the Temple of Love, a lighted fountain; Baseball

     diamond; ice-skating Rink; Running Spaces; Picnicking


     MUDDY RIVER ( ? acres)


     Frederick Law Olmsted proposed transforming the brackish, sewage-filled, mosquito-

     breeding Muddy River into a public park in 1880; Olmsted-made landscape with a

     pedestrian promenade extending along its entire length





     (397 city-owned parks, playgrounds, etc. consisting of 6,000+ acres)

     6,189 acres . . . Harnik


     GREEN LAKE & PARK (342 acres)


     Plans prepared by Olmsted Brothers in 1904; Open-Air Theater; Waterfowl

     Sanctuary; Swimming Beaches (2); Bathhouse; Indoor Pool; Wading Pool; Children's

     Fishing Pier; Casting Pier; Model

     Power Boat Basin; Boating; Tennis courts; Pitch n Putt Golf; Playfields; Picnic Areas


     SEWARD PARK (277.8 acres made up of 207.6 acres of land & 70.2 acres of



     Developed from a plan prepared by the Olmsted Brothers in 1912; Forested peninsula

     on Lake Washington Boulevard South; Eight-ton Japanese lantern & torii;

     Amphitheater; Arts & Crafts Studio & Gallery; Game-Fish Hatchery; Fishing Pier;

     Swimming Beach; Picnic & Play Areas; Tennis; Three & one-half miles of roads, four

     & one-half miles of paths; three and one-half miles of bicycle trails; shoreline closed to

     motor traffic




     Designed by Olmsted Firm in 1936; Located at edge of Lake Washington in the

     Montlake District; 500 species of trees, more than 400 are native to other climates.

     Nature Study


     WOODLAND PARK (188 acres)


     Informal design prepared by Olmsted Brothers in 1903; Edging on Green Lake; on a

     ridge above Puget Sound overlooking Seattle; surrounded by pines, cedars, spruce &

     firs; Zoological Gardens (90 acres); Children's Zoo; International Rose Test Gardens

     (2-1/2 acres); Picnic & Wooded Areas (60 acres); Ballfields (24 acres); Parking (14

     acres); Totem Pole; Steam Locomotive & Tender No. 1245, Caboose No. 1313


     VOLUNTEER PARK (40.3 acres)


     Original plans by Olmsted Brothers in 1909; Hilltop location overlooking downtown

     Seattle between Lake Washington & Lake Union; Art Museum containing a collection

     of Japanese Art; Bandstand; Reservoir; Observation Deck in Water Tower with views

     of mountains, city & Puget Sound; Conservatory; Formal Gardens; Tennis Courts; Play

     Area; Wading Pool; Picnic Area


     FREEWAY PARK ( 7acres)


     Designed by Angela Danadjieva of Lawrence Halprin & Associates; Suspended over

     Interstate 5 & linking downtown Seattle to First Hill, a residential neighborhood


     VOLUNTEER PARKWAY (2.52 acres)


     Dubbed "Millionaire Row"


     MC CURDY PARK (1.1 acres)


     Northeast of University of Washington Arboretum; Museum of History & Industry



     22. EL PASO, TEXAS


     (116 city-owned parks containing 1,180 acres)

     (109 of the city-owned parks in El Paso are developed &

     7 are undeveloped)


     WASHINGTON PARK (60 acres)


     Municipal Zoo open free; Amusement Center; Tennis Courts; Swimming Pool; Roller

     Skating Rink; Ride Area; Play & Picnic Grounds


     MEMORIAL PARK (43 acres)


     Municipal Rose Garden & Garden Center; Tennis Courts


     TOM MAY MEMORIAL PARK ( ? acres)


     Picnic Areas in the Franklin Mountains



     (3,188 acres)


     ASCARATE PARK (353 acres)


     Located on Highway 80, approximately seven miles from downtown El Paso; Regional

     County Park Golf Course (27 holes); Tennis Courts; Swimming Pool; Roller Skating

     Rink; Ride Area; lay & Picnic Grounds; Amusement Park




     County-operated park with a paved road running the full length of the canyon;

     specimens of cacti & desert plants; foot trails; Picnic Tables & Barbecue Pits






     Covers the humpback spine of Mount Franklin from a point north of Mc Kelligon

     Canyon to below the New Mexico state line; Hiking, mountain bicycling, rock climbing,





     Located along the Rio Grande' the Mexican side, "Parque Conmmemorativo Chamizal

     encompasses 700 acres; Visitor's center, art gallery, 500-seat theater, picnicking,

     outdoor performances





     Cleveland Department of Parks, Recreation & Property

     (41 park areas consisting of 1,930 acres)

     1,394 acres . . . Harnik




     Known as the "Forest City" & the "Emerald Necklace", Cleveland is encircled by

     18,000 acres of metropolitan parks. The Cleveland Metropolitan Parks are comprised

     of ten major parks & parkways amounting to more than 17,400 acres; 1,017 acres in

     the city . . . Harnik




     Swimming & ice skating at Wallace Lake near Berea; fishing in Rockey River; picnic

     table & grills; ballfields; nature trails; boat launching ramp; wading pools; swings;

     sledding; shelter houses; concession stands; golf courses (3); Camp Cheerful; riding

     stables; toboggan run; trailside museum; North Olmsted Historical Society




     Between Route 21 & the Cuyahoga River, south of Route 82; Chippewa Creek &

     other streams; picnic tables & grills; shelter houses; hiking trail; ballfields; swings;

     sledding; Sleepy Hollow Golf Course; Keeler Memorial; Deer Lick Camp; McDowell

     museum; Brecksville Historical Museum


     HINCKLEY RESERVATION (1,890 acres)


     Swimming, boating, fishing at Hinckley Lake; Whipp's Ledges offering a sweeping view

     of the park; picnic tables & grills; shelter & cook houses; ballfields; sledding; boat

     rentals; concession stand




     Small lakes (2); picnic tables & grills; hiking & wild flower trails; ballfields; shelter

     houses; waterfowl sanctuary; swings; ice skating; sledding; trailside museum


     BEDFORD RESERVATION (1,334 acres)


     Wild, rugged scenery; Indian mounds; picnic tables & grills; ballfields; shelter houses;

     cook house; wadding pool; sledding; Shawnee Hills Golf Course




     Shelter house; picnic facilities; play field; ice skating ]




     Picnic tables & grills; shelter house; cook house; ballfields; swings; sledding;

     arboretum; nature trails


     BIG CREEK RESERVATION (380 acres)


     Picnic tables & grills; shelter & cook houses; ballfields; swings; sledding




     Swimming & sand beach on Lake Erie; picnic tables & grills; fishing from piers; shelter

     house; ball diamond; swings; concession stand; Lake Erie Junior Nature & Science

     Center; Huntington Playhouse; Bay Crafters




     Connects Brecksville & Bedford Reservations; no road in parkway, only hiking trails &

     bridle paths; picnic tables & grills; cook house


     HOLDEN ARBORETUM (2,000 acres)


     Largest arboretum in North America; picnic tables & grills; admission charge


     OHIO & ERIE RESERVATION (325 acres . . . Harnik)




     ROCKEFELLER PARK (205 acres) (130 acres . . . Harnik)


     Seven-mile chain of green space from Lake Eire to Shaker Heights; Park paid for by

     John D. Rockefeller; Contains the City Greenhouse Cultural Gardens, sponsored by

     eighteen nationality groups; Garden for the Blind; Playgrounds; Baseball Diamond; Ice

     Skating Pond; Tennis Courts


     BROOKSIDE PARK (120 acres)


     Brookside Zoo (100 acres); Rose Field for Night & Day Baseball Games; Site of

     Soap Derby; Picnicking; Swimming Pool; Football & Soccer Fields; Running Track;

     Tennis Courts; Ice Skating Pond; Playgrounds


     GORDON PARK (119 acres)


     Gardens; Aquarium; Tennis Courts; Fishing Pier; Boat Launching Ramp; Picnic tables

     & grills; Baseball Diamond; Basketball Court


     WASHINGTON PARK (100 acres)


     Horticulture Center; Baseball & Football Fields; Basketball Court; Tennis Courts;

     Playground; Picnic Tables


     WADE PARK (89 acres)


     Art Museum; Western Reserve Historical Society Museum; National Science Museum;

     Planetarium, Lagoon; Fine Arts Garden designed by the Olmsted Brothers in 1924














     Redeveloped in 1991; "Fountain of Eternal Life" designed by Marshall Frederick;

     900-car parking garage underneath





     CLEVELAND LAKEFRONT STATE PARK (476 acres . . . Harnik)


     DIKE 14 (80 acres . . . Harnik)





     (65 city-owned parks consisting of ? acres)


     CITY PARK (1,382 acres)


     Flat, grassy peninsula surrounded by water; Contains "Dueling Oaks" beneath which

     Creoles once fought their duels of honor; Delgado Art Museum; Bandstand; Rose

     Garden; Lagoons for Boating & Fishing; 18-hole Golf Courses (5); Tennis Courts

     (44); Baseball Diamonds (25); a Concrete Stadium seating 27,000; a Miniature Train;

     Fountains & Statues; Carnival Rides; Horses; Storyland; Picnic Tables


     AUDUBON PARK (250 acres)


     Located on Monkey Hill near the Mississippi River; Made so children of New Orleans

     would see what a hill looks like; Site of 1884 World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial

     Exposition; Fountains & Statues; Trees; Flowers; Bushes; Meandering Lagoons; Zoo;

     Aquarium; Sea Lion Pool; Bandstand; Carnival Rides; a Miniature Train that tours the

     park; Horses & Bicycles for rent; Golf Course; Tennis Courts; Swimming Pool;

     Wading Pools for Children; Picnic Tables & Shelters





     (82 city-owned parks consisting of 7,841.34 acres)


     CANE RIDGE PARK (280.60 acres)


     Classified as a high density urban park; Model airplane field; Adult baseball diamonds

     with lights; Softball diamonds with lights; Tennis Courts with lights (4); Playground

     apparatus; Restrooms; Walking/jogging trails; Basketball courts; Reservable picnic

     shelters (3).


     CENTENNIAL PARK (132.30 acres)


     Classified as a high density urban park; Site of 1897 Tennessee Centennial &

     International Exposition; Pantheon Art Center; Arts Activity Center; Band Shell;

     Sportsplex (Ice Rink, Tennis Center, Olympic Pool); Community Center; 21 tennis

     courts with lights; Playground apparatus; Swimming pools, Concession stands; Lake;

     Restrooms; Reservable picnic shelter


     MC CABE PARK (209.60 acres)


     Classified as a high density urban park; Jr. baseball diamond with lights; Community

     Center; Golf Course Holes (27); Playground apparatus; Restrooms; Basketball courts.


     SHELBY PARK (361.50 acres)


     Classified as a high density urban park; Playground diamond without lights; Jr. baseball

     diamond with lights; Community Center; Golf Course Holes (27); Adult baseball

     diamonds with lights; Softball diamonds with lights; Tennis courts with lights (4);

     Playground apparatus; Lake; Restrooms; Hiking/nature trails; Boat Launch Ramp;

     Reservable picnic shelters (5).


     TWO RIVERS PARK (384.80 acres)


     Classified as a high density urban park; Two Rivers Mansion; Wave pool; Greenhouse;

     Disc golf; Golf course holes (18); Adult baseball diamonds with lights; Softball

     diamonds with lights; Tennis Courts with lights (6); Playground apparatus; Swimming

     pools; Concession stand; Lake; Restrooms; Hiking/nature trails; Reservable picnic

     shelters (5).


     EDWIN WARNER PARK (623.03 acres)


     Classified as a high density urban park; Nature center; Polo field; Model airplane field;

     Headquarters; Playground diamond without lights; Jr. baseball diamond with lights;

     Adult baseball diamonds with lights; Playground apparatus; Restrooms; Hiking/nature

     trails; Reservable picnic shelters (11).


     PERCY WARNER PARK (2,058.10 acres)


     Classified as reserved for conservation; Steeple chase course; Equestrian facilities;

     Horseback riding trail; Park residences (2); Golf course holes (27); Lake; Restrooms;

     Hiking/nature trails; Picnic shelters (12).


     Metro Board of Parks & Recreation

     Centennial Park Office

     Nashville, Tennessee 37201





     (250 city-owned parks consisting of 4,166 acres)

     5,643 acres . . . Harnik

     ( 40 city-owned mountain parks consisting of 13,600 acres)


     CITY PARK (314.3 acres) (450 acres . . . Harnik)


     Purchased from the State of Colorado in 1880; Museum of Natural History & Gates

     Planetarium; Zoo; Fountains & Monuments; Band concerts; Lake with Boathouse;

     Boats for Rent; Baseball & Softball; Junior Football; Tennis Courts; Hiking; Bicycling;

     Playground; Picnic Areas & Shelter


     CITY PARK GOLF (132 acres)


     18-hole Golf Course


     CITY PARK ESPLANADE (7.25 acres)


     WASHINGTON PARK (155.6 acres)


     Bought from a series of private owners beginning in 1889; Contains Home of Eugene

     Fields with memorabilia of Field's work & life in Denver from 1881 to 1883; Statue of

     Wynken, Blynken & Nod; Martha Washington Garden overlooking lake, a replica of a

     garden at Mount Vernon with formal beds bordered by dwarf hedges; Scenic Drives;

     Recreation Center; Junior Football; Bicycling; Hiking; Playgrounds, Picnic Area &



     CHEESMAN PARK (80.1 acres)


     Located next to the Botanic Gardens; Originally a burial ground, purchased from the

     federal government in 1873 & named Congress Park; Columned pavilion affording a

     view of the Rockies rising west of Denver with a shallow fountain, pool & flower beds

     on the grounds; Bicycle loop; Picnic Area & Shelter


     BOTANIC GARDENS (22 acres)


     Botanic Gardens House; Edna C. & Claude K. Boettcher Memorial Conservatory, a

     greenhouse built out of clear plastic & pre-stressed concrete; Education Building;

     Helen Fowler Library; Kathryn Kalmbach Herbarium with space for displaying a

     mycological collection & an auditorium, classrooms & laboratories; Japanese Garden;

     Children's Garden; Gate's Memorial Garden


     CRANMER PARK (23.0 acres)


     Mountain View; Sundial; Baseball, Junior Football, Playground


     DENVER COMMONS (29.0 acres)


     Walkways, native grasses, meadows, viewing platform




     13-block long public open space financed by assessments on nearby property owners






     Inflatable mini-dams; shallow-draft punts




     Sports & cultural facilities; bicycling; kayaking; manufactured whitewater run




     Tree-lined waterway maintained by Denver Park & Recreation Department




     (31 mountain parks scattered across 14,000 acres)

     (Originally planned by Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. in 1912 & 1914)


     GENESEE PARK (2,400 acres)


     Scenic Overlook; Elk & Buffalo Enclosure; Shelter House; Fee Camping at Hosa

     Lodge; Softball Field; Fireplaces; Tables; Playgrounds


     DANIELS PARK (1,000.65 acres)


     Scenic Overlooks; Buffalo Enclosure; Shelter House; Fireplaces; Tables; Playground;

     No Indoor Facilities


     RED ROCK PARK (638.19 acres)


     Scenic Overlook; Red Sandstone Formations; Red Rocks Trading Post; Outdoor

     Amphitheater; Easter Sunrise Services; Cactus Garden


     ECHO LAKE PARK (617.50 acres)


     Echo Lake Lodge; Shelter House; Fireplaces; Tables; Playgrounds; Hiking Trails;

     Picnic Grounds


     LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN PARK (65.70 acres)


     Scenic Overlook; Cody's Grave; Buffalo Bill Museum; Shelter House; Fireplace;



     Sources consulted:


     William H. Wilson, The City Beautiful Movement (John Hopkins University Press,

     Baltimore, 1989), 185; Peter Harnik, Inside City Parks (Urban Land Institute,

     Washington, D.C., 2000)



     27. AUSTIN, TEXAS


     (9 parks; total park & preserve acreage over 23,000)


     COLORADO RIVER PARK (545 acres)


     Undeveloped park located west of Longhorn Dam along the south bank of the

     Colorado River.


     COMMONS FORD RANCH (215 acres)


     Lake front picnic area located at 612 Commons Ford Road on Lake Austin; large

     house can be rented for meetings, seminars & family events; private pool & outside

     patio area available for rental; swimming not permitted on lake




     Overnight camping facility located at 1600 City Park Road on the shores of Lake

     Austin; amenities include 2 boat ramps, 2 sand volleyball courts & a large sandy beach;

     restrooms with hot showers & dressing areas; 20 camping sites with water & electricity

     hookups & 36 tent camping sites; archery range; motorcycle mountain bike course;

     nature trail; concession stand open in summer months


     LAKE WALTER E. LONG (DECKER LAKE) (3,802 acres)


     Located at 6614 Blue Bluff Road on borders of a manmade lake created by the City

     Electric Department; fishing; water skiing; boats ramps; volleyball court; play field;

     shaded picnic areas



     Picnic pavilion; Volleyball courts; Trail system including an equestrian trail; Disc golf

     course; Nature interpretation center; Fishing pier; Basketball court; Tennis Court;

     Baseball field; Soccer Field; Parking area




     Located on Slaughter Creek north of San Leanna; Home of Southwest Soccer

     Complex & Veloway Bicycle Course; Soccer; Bicycling; Rollerblading.


     TOWN CREEK CORRIDOR (508 acres)


     Developed under the direction of Mrs. Roberta Crenshaw & Mrs. Lyndon B. Johnson

     along the shores of the Colorado River for fishing, rowing, canoeing, cycling, hiking, &

     jogging; 13 mile trail from Mopac Bridge to Longhorn Dam; Benches; Water fountains;

     Gazebos; Boat ramps; Restrooms.




     Located at 12138 North Lamar Boulevard; Six miles of hiking & biking trails; three

     lighted ball fields; Basketball court; Municipal pool; Wading pool; Playscape; Picnic

     tables with barbecue pits.


     ZILKER PARK (351 acres)


     Located at 2201 Barton Springs Road; Natural spring pool over 1,000 feet in length;

     Hillside Theater for outdoor entertainment; Austin Area Garden Center including the

     Botanical Gardens & the Austin Nature & Science Center; Miniature train rides;

     Eight-mile greenbelt trail; Soccer, softball & rugby fields; Playscape area; Rental party

     facilities; Picnic tables.




     Established in 1992 after voters approved a $20 million bond; Trust for Public Land

     used a portion of bond-approved funds to purchase a 1,000-acre historic ranch for the

     Barton Creek Wilderness Park


     Support Services Supervisor

     Park & Recreation Department

     Municipal Building

     Eighth at Colorado

     P. O. Box 1088

     Austin, Texas 78767





     (171 city-owned parks covering 8,189 acres)




     Located on Greer Island; Unspoiled natural area lying in the Cross Timbers, a short

     oak transitional forest separating Eastern deciduous forests & Western prairies;

     cross-section of natural communities; Exhibit Hall; Classroom; Nature Trails


     GATEWAY PARK (500+ acres)


     Extensive stretches of natural river bank with recreational amenities; Launching Sites for

     Canoes; Nature Trails; Softball Fields; Picnic Shelters


     TRINITY PARK (252.75 acres)


     Original plan by George Kessler; pedestrian, equestrian & bicycle trails alongside

     Trinity River planned by Lawrence Halprin in 1970; Eight-mile flood plain crossed by

     railroad bridges & bordered by industries & freeways; Botanic Garden & Japanese

     Garden (50 acres)s; Trinity River; Trees & Shrubs; Miniature Train; Athletic Field;

     Duck Pond; Picnic Facilities & Shelter


     FOREST PARK (233.34 acres)


     Trees & Shrubs; Fort Worth Zoo including Herpetarium; Aquarium & Children's Zoo

     (36.5 acres)

     Log Cabin Village; Athletic Field; Soccer Field; Rides; Picnic Facilities




     Pioneer Memorial Tower, 210-ft. high, dedicated to Texas pioneers; Municipal

     Auditorium seating 3,000; Will Rogers Memorial Coliseum seating 10,000


     WATER GARDENS PARK (4.3 acres)


     Aerating pool bathed in sheets of cascading water surrounded by stair-stepped cliffs

     designed by architect Philip Johnson


     HERITAGE PARK ( ? acres)


     Network of grassy, shaded courtyards & water courses enclosed by concrete walls





     (145 city-owned parks consisting of 4,039 acres)

     (3 municipal lakes & 4 municipal golf courses)


     LINCOLN PARK (632.0 acres) - purchased in 1909


     Features: Zoo, Kirkpatrick Center Museum Complex, Omniplex Science Museum,

     Kirkpatrick Planetarium, 36-hole Golf Course & Clubhouse; Firefighters Museum,

     National Softball Hall of Fame Museum & Stadium, 45th Infantry Division Museum,

     Senior Citizens Center, Tennis Courts


     WILL ROGERS PARK (122.0 acres) - purchased in 1909


     Buildings: Senior Citizens Center, Garden Exhibition Center, Conservatory,

     Greenhouses (4), Amphitheater, Party House, Tennis Center; Other Features:

     Arboretum, Horticultural Gardens (13), Lakes (2) Facilities: Swimming Pool (1),

     Playgrounds (2), Soccer Field, Ballfields (2), Volleyball Court, Lighted Tennis Courts

     (24), Picnic Shelter/Pavilion (2), Disc Golf


     TROSPER PARK (640.0 acres) - purchased in 1909


     Features: 18-hole Golf Course & Clubhouse, Archery Range, Riding Trail; Facilities:

     Tennis Courts (3), Playground, Ballfield, Picnic Shelters (2)


     EARLYWINE PARK (453.0 acres) - purchased in 1968


     Features: 36-hole Golf Course & Clubhouse, Tennis Center; Facilities: Lighted Tennis

     Courts (12), Playgrounds (2), Volleyball Court, Ballfields (5), Soccer Fields (3), Picnic

     Area/Shelter (2), Walking/Jogging Trail (1.52 miles)


     STARS AND STRIPES PARK (42.7 acres) - purchased in 1941


     Facilities: Playground, Volleyball Court; Ballfields (3), Walking/Jogging Trails (3.7

     miles), Basketball Courts; Picnic Pavilion; Skating, Bicycling.


     WILEY POST PARK (50.0 acres) - purchased in 1925


     Facilities: Party House, Playground, Volleyball Court, Ballfield, Basketball Courts,

     Lawn Croquette, Horseshoe Court.


     DOLESE YOUTH PARK (139.0 acres) - purchase & gift in 1976


     Facilities: Playground, Ballfields (11), Soccer Fields (5), Walking/Jogging Trail (2.0

     miles), Picnic Area/Shelter; Fishing, Disc Golf, Nature Trails


     WOODSON PARK (142.0 acres) - purchased in 1909


     Buildings: Community/Fitness Center, Gymnasium, Party House; Facilities: Swimming

     Pool, Playgrounds (2), Volleyball Court, Ballfields (15), Disc Golf, Rugby Field


     MYRIAD BOTANICAL GARDENS (17.0 acres) - concept in 1965 & opened in



     Downtown tourist attraction visited by over a million people annually; Christmas

     Festival of Lights, 4th of July Celebration, Annual Spring Festival of the Arts, Arbor

     Week Activities, Summer Jazz Festival, Fund Raising Events, & Educational Programs;

     Features: Crystal Bridge, Tropical Conservatory, Specialty Gardens & Horticultural

     Exhibits, Animal Life Integrated into Plant Collection, Gift Shop



     Park & Recreation Department

     201 Channing Square, Mezzanine

     Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73102





     (130 Developed, 43 Undeveloped Parks & 10 Natural Areas with a total acreage of


     9,659 acres . . . Harnik


     The Olmsted Brothers prepared the first comprehensive park & boulevard system for

     Portland, Oregon in 1903.


     WASHINGTON PARK (145 acres)


     International Rose Test Gardens; Japanese Garden (5.5 acres); Western Forestry

     Center (5 acres);Tennis Courts; Playground; Picnic Areas


     HOYT ARBORETUM (212 acres)


     Arboretum; Vietnam Veterans War Memorial




     Children's Zoo; Ladybug Theater; Miniature Railway




     MACLEAY PARK (107 acres)


     Wildwood Trail (25 miles)


     HOLMAN PARK (52 acres)




     FOREST PARK (7,000 acres) (4,836 acres . . . Harnik)


     8-square mile Conifer Forest; more than 25 miles of trails; picnic areas




     PENINSULA PARK (17 acres)


     Sunken Rose Gardens (6 acres); Ballfield; Tennis; Horseshoe Pit; Swimming;



     MOUNT TABOR PARK (200 acres)


     Tennis, Horseshoe Pit, Volleyball, Playground, Picnic Tables (12)


     LAURELHURST PARK (25 acres) - purchased in 1909


     Originally designed by John Olmsted; Pond; Trails; Ballfield; Tennis courts; Horseshoe

     Pit; Volleyball; Playground.




     Reclaimed expressway along west bank of Willamette River; Fountains; Walking

     Paths; Promenades; Observation Points; Children's Story Garden; Memorial to

     Japanese imprisoned in internment camps during World War II.




     Designed by a team led by Martin/Soderstrom/Matteson (architects) & Douglas Macy

     (landscape designer)


     Two-story garage on the site was replaced with a public park in 1984


     Parks & Recreation Department

     1120 SW 5th Street

     Suite 1302

     Portland, OR 97204





     Kansas City, Missouri, Department of Parks, Recreation & Boulevards

     (city-owned parks & playgrounds 189 consisting of 10,647 acres)

     11,047 acres . . . Harnik


     George Kessler prepared the first city-wide plan of parks & boulevards in 1890.


     PARKWAYS & BOULEVARDS (1,700 acres) (1,769 acres . . . Harnik)


     Forms the basic urban design structure for the city; Are used intensively; Contain

     sculptures & fountains & more than 300 formal flower beds; Extensive recreational

     facilities, such as playgrounds & courts


     SWOPE PARK (1,769 acres)


     Colonel Thomas A. Swope donated 1,334 acres of land for a public park in 1896;

     Grand Pavilion; Starlight Theater; Kansas City Zoo; Lakewood Nature Center; Swope

     Mausoleum; Nursery Lake of the Woods Lagoon; Blue River; Boat House; Fishing;

     Water Sports; Swimming Pool; Diving Pool; Wading Pool; Golf Courses (2); Tennis

     Courts (2); Baseball Diamonds; Soccer Field; Archery Range; Riding Academy;

     Model Airplane Field; Shelters (9); Picnic Areas


     About 40 percent of the land is undeveloped open space


     RIVERFRONT PARK (715 acres) (955 acres . . . Harnik)


     Boat Launching Ramp; Picnic Grounds


     SHOAL CREEK PARK (625 acres)


     18-hole Golf Course (200 acres); Reserve for a 9-Hole Golf Course; Balance of land

     is undeveloped open space


     TIFFANY SPRINGS PARK (477 acres)


     Undeveloped open space


     GEORGE E. KESSLER PARK (302 acres)


     Originally North Terrace Park; Bluff Overlooking Missouri River Valley; Scenic

     Roads; Pavilion; Picnicking


     BLUE VALLEY PARK (238 acres)


     Small Lake; Baseball; Picnic Ground; About 50 percent undeveloped open space


     SEARCY CREEK PARKWAY (230 acres)


     Divided roadway containing an archaeological site, mostly undeveloped


     PENN VALLEY PARK (175 acres)


     Scenic Roads; Artificial Lake (3 acres); Major Sculptures (2); War Memorial; Tennis

     Courts (2); Balance of land is open space.


     LOOSE PARK (74 acres)


     Lake & Garden (1.47 acres); Rose Garden with Fountain; Azalea & Blind Gardens;

     "Theater Under the Stars" with portable stage & sound system; Tennis Courts (4);

     Wading Pool; Picnic Grounds




     Lakes (3); Concerts; Small Playground


     HAWTHORNE PARK (2.5 acres)


     Designed by landscape architect Robin Frye with help from health professionals;

     Funded by public & private contributions; Full accessible playground for children ages

     two through nine completed in 1996; Sitting areas, game tables, picnic areas; Funded

     from a combination of public & private sources





     (48 city-owned parks encompassing 2,000 acres)

     Park Department maintains 50 miles of landscaped traffic islands.


     EL DORADO PARK (755.17 acres)


     Nature Center; Park Ranger Office Building; Clubhouses (2); Outdoor Stage; Archery

     Range; Lighted Game Courts; Lighted Baseball Diamonds (2); Unlighted Baseball

     Diamonds (4); Lighted Tennis Courts (8)


     RECREATION PARK (261.51 acres comprised of 241.51 land & 16.40 water



     18-hole Golf Course (130 acres); 9-hole Golf Course (41 acres); Camp Woodland

     (5.3 acres); Colorado Lagoon (10.81 land & 16.40 water acres); Blair Field; Outdoor

     Stage; Cookout Counters (2); Day Camp Building; Lawn Bowling Clubhouse;

     Community Clubhouse; Casting Pool & Clubhouse; Lighted Tennis Courts (8); Lighted

     Ball Fields (2); Unlighted Ball Field; Picnic Areas


     HEARTWELL PARK (162.32 acres)


     Activity Building; Ball Diamonds (9) with Bleachers; Soccer Field; Playground


     MARINE STADIUM (143.28 acres comprised of 16.48 land acres & 81.80 water



     Rowing Center





     (city parks ? )


     J. F. KENNEDY (167.59 acres)


     Regional Park; Lakes; Trees; Turf; Drinking Fountain; Restrooms; Family Ramada;

     Organizational Ramada; Basketball; Softball; Tennis; Little League; Playground

     Equipment; Tables; Grills & Fire Pits; Picnicking


     RANDOLPH (130.04 acres)


     Regional Park; Lakes; Trees; Turf; Drinking Fountain; Restrooms; Night Lighting; Zoo;

     Rose Garden; Boathouse; Family Ramada; Organizational Ramada; Recreation Center;

     Juvenile Fishing Only; Swimming Pool; Baseball; Lighted Little League; Lighted

     Seasonal Football; Lighted Tennis; Dog Training Area; Arts & Crafts; Food Service;

     Kitchen; Tables; Grills & Fire Pits; Playground Equipment; Picnicking


     RANDOLPH GOLF COURSE (292.08 acres)


     Municipal Course; Clubhouse; Lockers; Driving Range


     SENTINEL PEAK (272.93 acres)


     View Site & City Landmark; Picnicking





     St. Louis Department of Parks, Recreation & Forestry

     (city-owned parks 89 consisting of 2.639 acres)

     3,290 acres . . . Harnik


     FOREST PARK (1,380 acres) (1,293 acres . . . Harnik)


     Designed by park superintendent Maximillian Kern & engineers Julius Pitzman &

     Henry Flad; Site of Louisiana Purchase Exposition of 1904 to build which the "forest"

     was destroyed


     "The primary purpose of the park system has become the raising of men & women

     rather than grass or trees." . . . St. Louis Park Report, 1915.


     1995 Master Plan . . . 50/50 public/private partnership adopted to implement the plan


     St. Louis Zoo (83 acres); City Art Museum; Jefferson Memorial accommodating the

     Missouri Historical Society; Jewel Box, a place of glass with shows of flowers &

     plants; Rose Garden (6 acres); McDonnel Planetarium; Municipal Opera; Nathan

     Frank Bandstand, on an island in Pagoda Lake; Statue of St. Louis by Charles Niehaus

     on Art Hill; 35 Acres of Lakes & Ponds; 30 miles of Drives winding their way through

     the Park; Fountains & Falls; Floral Displays


     Steinberg Skating Rink; 18-hole & 9-hole Golf Courses (355 acres); Tennis Courts

     (8); Handball Courts (4); Soccer Fields (5); Baseball Fields (11); Softball Fields (17);

     Cricket Field; Hockey Fields (2); Rugby Field; Football Fields (2); Archery Range;

     Lakes (8); Numerous Lagoons; Boathouse & Dock; Electrically-Propelled Boats &

     Canoes; 6-miles of Bridle Paths; 3-mile Nicholas Bell Memorial Trail for hiking; Skiing

     & Sleigh Riding; Field Houses (3); Picnic Areas (9)


     Turtle Park . . . 300-by-100-foot children's playground/sculpture garden where the

     playground equipment is a collection of turtle sculptures; Located on south edge of

     park adjacent to the zoo; funded by Sonya Glassberg assisted by Forest Park Forever,

     a private group, and the St. Louis Parks Department; designed by architect Richard

     Claybour and artist Bob Cassily


     TOWER GROVE PARK (285 acres)


     Contains 70-acre MISSOURI BOTANICAL (SHAW'S) GARDENS that includes a

     geodesic dome, know as the Climatron, enclosed in plexiglass featuring four distinct

     temperature & humidity variations; Linnaean Greenhouse


     Tower Grove House, an Italianate brick house with a square tower containing

     Victorian period furnishings


     Tower Grove Park is managed by the Tower Grove Park Commission, a private trust,

     and is not maintained by the St. Louis Park Department


     WILLMORE PARK (105.61 acres)


     Playgrounds (2); Hard Surfaced Tennis Courts (4); Softball Courts (4); Baseball

     Diamonds (2); Corkball Fields (4); Soccer Field; Lakes (2) with fishing for those under

     17 or over 65; Picnic Grounds (5); Passive seating areas; Fourth of July fireworks

     display & band concerts held yearly


     PENROSE PARK (51 acres)


     Bicycle trails


     ST. LOUIS MEMORIAL PLAZA (9.54 acres)


     Closely spaced trees in formal arrangements; concrete walks; circular terraces (6);

     Soldiers Memorial




     Rest & meditation area given by Missouri Lodge 22 of B'nai B'rith


     ALOE PLAZA (2.40 acres)


     "Meeting of the Waters" Fountain by Carl Milles


     LUCAS GARDEN (1.09 acres)


     Block of land given to St. Louis in 1851 by John B. Lucas, adjoining St. Louis Public

     Library; Kincaid Fountain





     Park system is under the jurisdiction of the

     Mecklenburg County Park & Recreation Department

     (121 parks & 29 greenways)

     (10,746 acres)



     (9,685 acres)




     The only nature preserve within the city limits, Reedy Creek was built in the 1980's.

     This park is very popular with Charlotteans due to its central location & its passive

     qualities. A nature center, disc golf course, picnic shelters, lake, & miles of trail are

     included in the Nature Preserve. Playgrounds, multi-purpose fields, basketball courts,

     & shelters are located in the active portion of the park.




     This large community park includes the two largest greenways in the county. The park

     is mostly passive in nature containing five (5) soccer fields & two (2) ballfields. Trails,

     historic sites, water bodies, & dense vegetation characterize this green expanse of open

     space in southwest Charlotte. McAlpine also contains a park district office.


     NEVIN COMMUNITY PARK (320 acres)


     This park opened in March 1996 & contains a district office, softball complex, soccer

     fields, bike & walking trails, two large picnic shelters, horseshoes, shuffleboard, & two

     playgrounds. The park's master plan calls for additional shelters, a time garden, tennis

     courts, a botanical garden, lake, & more trails. This park is one of the newest of

     Charlotte's parks as well as one of its prettiest.


     RENAISSANCE PARK (290 acres)


     This community park was constructed in 1989 on a previous landfill site. A professional

     tennis complex with a stadium court, five (5) field softball complex, & four (4) field

     soccer complex all host local, state, regional, & special event tournaments. An eighteen

     (18) hole golf course has been recently renovated & is a national model for Locally

     Unwanted Land Use (LULU) adaptation. The tennis & golf operations are privatized.

     Mountain bike trails are another popular feature of this southwest Charlotte facility.




     The park was constructed in 1930 with a nine (9) hole golf course, small recreation

     center, bath house & pool; Recent additions to the park include new ballfields, a

     multipurpose field, playground, & restroom/concession area.


     PARK ROAD (124 acres)


     Another of Charlotte's most famous parks, Park Road Park was built in the 1970's &

     offers tennis, volleyball, basketball, softball, a play area, shelters, & a lake. Hearing

     impaired softball tournaments are often hosted at Park Road as well as fishing

     tournaments & walk-a-thons. Park Road is the site of another park district office.


     HORNETS NEST (110 acres)


     This park was originally built in the 1970's & is currently undergoing several million

     dollars in renovation. Two picnic pavilions & six shelters are popular features in the

     park & surround a lake. A fifteen thousand square foot playground is a new addition to

     this park along with the shelters. A softball complex, BMX track, indoor shelter, disc

     golf course, trails, basketball, volley ball & tennis courts are other park amenities. The

     park's disc golf course will host a national competition in August 1997.


     FREEDOM PARK (106 acres)


     The park was constructed in 1948 by the Lions Club. The club raised funds to secure

     the land. The park was turned over to the Parks Commission when it was completed.

     The park underwent complete redesign from the late 1980's to 1995. Freedom Park is

     Charlotte's most popular park due to its long history & central location. Amenities such

     as soccer fields, softball & Little League fields, volleyball, tennis, basketball,

     playground, an amphitheater, lake, nature center, & picnic shelters attract all types of

     recreational users.


     CLANTON PARK (56 acres)


     This facility is also a specialty basketball facility & is scheduled to open in Spring 1997.

     The park features three (3) full & eight (8) half courts, a playground,

     restroom/concession stand, & a future greenway connection to Revolution Park's golf

     course & athletic fields. Located in western Charlotte, the development of Camp

     Green, Clanton, & Revolution Parks are cornerstones of a city-wide revitalization



     MARION DIEHL PARK (56 acres)


     This park includes a recreation center & pool which is programmed for senior citizen &

     physically challenged users. Marion Diehl is the base site of Mecklenburg County's

     Therapeutics programming which has won awards for its innovative programming &

     decentralization. Marion Diehl often utilizes Park Road Park, which is nearby. Its

     master plan calls for the addition of a track, tennis courts, horseshoes, & a scent



     KILBORNE PARK (48 acres)


     This park was constructed in the early 1980's & is located in east Charlotte. The park

     contains the usual amenities with the addition of a disc golf course. This course was

     built with the assistance of the Kilborne neighborhood & has hosted several regional

     tournaments. An extensive trail network parallels & intersects with the course.


     INDEPENDENCE PARK (33 acres)


     The park was developed prior to 1927 & contains a memorial area built in the late

     1930's. The site is another of Charlotte's historical & popular parks. Built in a linear

     fashion, it winds for 33 acres connecting a recreation center, school, staff office,

     ballfields, picnic areas, American Legion Memorial Stadium, & the Grady Cole Center.

     This park as a whole has hosted many concerts, plays, regional football games, & local



     MASON WALLACE PARK (32 acres)


     This district park was built in the 1970's & contains tennis & basketball courts, soccer

     fields, & a playground. The park just completed a master plan revision which includes

     in-line hockey, measured loop trail, & nature trails.


     METHODIST HOME PARK (29 acres)


     This neighborhood park was constructed in the 1970's & generates such high use it

     functions as a district park. Methodist Home is divided by Briar Creek & is largely

     flood plain. Soccer fields, basketball courts, a ballfield, & trails comprise most of the

     park acreage. The tennis court was recently converted into Charlotte's first skateboard

     park. The skate park has already gained national notice & is a regional draw to all park

     users, especially youths 8-18. Methodist Home Recreation Center is also located

     within the park & is the most heavily used of Charlotte's seventeen recreation centers.


     THOMPSON PARK (3 acres)


     Neighborhood Park: Gazebo, Vietnam Veterans' Memorial, St. Mary's Chapel




     This facility was constructed in the early 1990's & lies in Uptown Charlotte. The swim

     facility serves Charlotte as a public, centralized YMCA but also hosts state, regional,

     national, & Olympic trials & competitions. The Aquatic Center has received much

     public recognition in the short time it has been in operation.


     GREENWAYS (1,061 acres)


     CAMPBELL CREEK (105 acres)


     Charlotte's largest greenway winds through east & southeast Charlotte connecting to

     McAlpine Creek Greenway. Land for Campbell Creek was acquired in the early

     1980's & formally connected to McAlpine Creek in 1994. Users of the trail range from

     joggers & bikers to nature walkers & hikers.


     CLARKS CREEK (75 acres)


     Land for this greenway has been acquired from the early 1980's to the present. Two

     miles of trail were opened in 1992 & connect dozens of neighborhoods & an

     elementary school. The next phase of development is scheduled for 1997-99 & would

     link the greenway to another school, a major business park, additional neighborhoods,

     cross under roads, & link to Mallard Creek Greenway. This greenway currently

     functions the way all future greenways will, normal everyday use by normal everyday

     people to get to school, work, recreation, & home.


     McALPINE CREEK (65 acres)


     Charlotte's most popular &, combined with Campbell Creek, the largest greenway in

     the metropolitan area. McAlpine Creek first opened in 1979 & appeals to all

     recreation users. This greenway system functions as a park & contains a district office,

     five (5) soccer fields, a recycling center, lake, & miles of trail. McAlpine has gained

     national recognition from several sources & is renowned as a high school 5K cross

     country course.


     MALLARD CREEK (36 acres)


     This greenway is mostly undeveloped but has the most potential for linkages to other

     greenways, businesses, communities, stores, & schools. Two soccer fields exist on a

     portion of the greenway & a boardwalk will be built by the North Carolina Department

     of Transportation as part of a wetlands mitigation/environmental education project.


     TOBY CREEK (28 acres)


     This is a one-mile trail that was built on a permanent easement on the University of

     North Carolina - Charlotte campus. The trail functions as a fitness trail, jogging trail, &

     a major connection for students to campus. Toby Creek will eventually connect with

     Mallard Creek Greenway & an elementary school.


     LITTLE SUGAR CREEK (20 acres)


     This greenway is currently in two separately developed sections. The first section was

     developed in the 1970's & connects four neighborhood parks in North Charlotte (14

     acres). The second section (6 acres) runs through Freedom Park & was constructed in

     1992 as part of a creek improvement project. The Mecklenburg County Greenway

     Master Plan identifies these two sections of greenway as eventually connecting &

     running a North/South course through the heart of Charlotte.



     Mecklenburg County

     Park & Recreation Department

     5841 Brookshire Boulevard

     Charlotte, N.C. 28216-2403


     Date received: November 25, 1996






     Nature Preserve: Concessions, Mountain Island Lake, Beach, Boat Docks & Rentals,

     Canoe Access, Equestrian Center (25 acres), Horseback Trails (7 miles), Historic

     Home, Carolina Raptor Center (57 acres), Interpretive Center, Nature Trails (10

     miles), Volleyball, Horseshoes, Playground, Picnic Shelters & Tables


     McDOWELL, PINEVILLE, N.C. (894 acres)


     Nature Preserve: Concessions, Lake Wylie, Beach, Boat Docks & Launching, Paddle

     Boat Rentals, Amphitheater, Gazebo, Information Booth, Nature Trails (6 miles),

     Playground, Picnic Shelters & Tables




     Concessions, Lake Norman, Beach, Boat Docks & Launching, Volleyball,

     Horseshoes, Nature Trail (0.5 mile), Playground, Picnic Shelters & Tables




     Directory of Facilities, 1995,@ Mecklenburg County Park & Recreation Dept.





     Atlanta Department of Parks, Recreation & Cultural Affairs

     (city-owned parks 277 consisting of 3,178 acres)

     3,122 acres . . . Harnik


     STONE MOUNTAIN PARK (3,800 acres)


     Owned & operated by the State of Georgia; Skylift Cable Car to 730-ft. Crest of

     Stone Mountain; Carving on Mountain Face of Jefferson Davis, President of the

     Confederacy, & Generals Robert E. Lee & Stonewall Jackson; 90-mile Radius View

     from Top; Observation Tower & Reflecting Pools at Top; Picnicking Permitted

     3,200-acre park surrounding Stone Mountain contains the 363-acre Stone Mountain

     Lake, a 732 bell carillon, a scenic railroad, the paddleboat "Robert E. Lee", an

     antebellum plantation complex of 19 buildings, an Antique Auto & Music Museum; a

     Memorial Hall Restaurant, a golf course, ten miles of nature trails, bridle paths, &

     picnic areas.


     LAKEWOOD PARK (371 acres)


     Leased to Southeastern Fair Association; Wooded area with a large artificial lake;

     Motorboat & automobile races; Racetrack & amusement center; fairgrounds with

     permanent exhibit buildings; Picnic areas


     CHASTAIN MEMORIAL PARK (268.36 acres)


     Amphitheater; light opera; horse shows; equestrian area; Girls Camp Building;

     Gymnasium; Arts & Crafts Center; Football Field; Baseball Fields (3); Little League

     Baseball Field; Tennis Courts (9); Playground; Picnic Areas


     FREEDOM PARK (207 acres)


     PIEDMONT PARK (185 acres)


     Site of 1895 Cotton States & International Exposition; plans by local engineer-builder

     Grant Wilkins; Landscape design for Piedmont Park submitted by the Olmsted

     Brothers in 1910; Flower House; Japanese Bonsai Garden; Fragrance Garden;

     Piedmont Driving Club; 9-hole Golf Course; Polo Field; Baseball Diamonds; Lighted

     Tennis Courts (13); Children's Playground


     Large land area has been set aside for unstructured leisure time use


     ADAMS PARK (159 acres)


     Small Lake; Swimming Pool & Bathhouse; Lighted Tennis Courts (4); Softball Field;

     Football Field; Little League Fields (3); 18-hole Golf Course; Playground


     GRANT PARK (131.5 acres)


     Site of Fort Walker which has been restored as a Confederate Battery with guns &

     ammunition; Original landscape plans prepared by the Olmsted Brothers in 1903;

     Atlanta Zoo (88 acres), a Children's Zoo, and the Cyclorama, depicting the Battle of

     Atlanta in 1864; the old Western & Atlantic railroad steam engine, "The Texas", is on

     display in the basement of the Cyclorama; Shady walks & broad paved driveways;

     Tennis Courts (5); Softball Fields (2); Football Fields (2); Baseball Diamonds; Pony

     Ring Lake with rowboats; Olympic Swimming Pool & Bathhouse; Natural

     Amphitheater; Pavilion; Picnic Grounds


     JOEL HURT PARK (2.0 acres)


     Green triangle in a section of high buildings & crowded traffic; Large fountain

     illuminated at night; Trees & flower bed




     Green-covered earth mounds with trees surrounded by high-rise office buildings;

     Fountain with wind-control device


     City of Atlanta

     Dept. of Parks & Recreation

     & Cultural Affairs

     City Hall/East

     675 Ponce de Leon Ave., N.E.

     Suite 800

     Atlanta, GA 30308






     (9 district parks, 7 community parks, 175 neighborhood parks & recreation facilities

     on 2,659.00977 acres of land. Of the 2,659.00977 acres of land, 1,536.83 are

     developed & 1,074.46 acres are undeveloped and 47.72 acres are open space)


     PRINCESS ANNE PARK (302.46 acres)


     Princess Anne Park is a diverse, but comprehensive 302.46-acre regional park set at

     the edge of an urban area next to the City's new amphitheater. Ninety acres have been

     developed. The park hosts several playgrounds, three large shelters with grills,

     volleyball stanchions, horseshoe pit areas, & numerous other individual picnic tables &

     grills set in a wooded environment. A 150' x 300', 3,600 seat horse arena with a

     judge's stand in the park provides the only public equestrian area in the City. ix softball,

     one baseball, & five soccer fields, which can be converted into football fields, provide

     informal as well as programmed league playing areas for our athletic unit. Three lighted

     tennis courts & one lighted basketball court are available. Three sets of restrooms & a

     food concession complement this outstanding park facility.


     Over 288,000 people annually make use of this facility. From athletic contests & group

     picnics to horse shows & folk art festivals, this park draws the active participant to the

     passive spectator on a daily basis.


     The park is open 7:00 a.m. until sunset, year round. From April through November, the

     lighted athletic facilities are open until 11:00 p.m. for active participants, with the

     exception of Christmas.


     MOUNT TRASHMORE PARK (164.8 acres)


     Virginia Beach's Mount Trashmore is a park created from the ecological consciousness

     of the 1906's. An innovate solid waste disposal project, Mount Trashmore was created

     over a four-year period from the modest beginnings of an existing landfill.


     Conceived by Roland E. Dorer, then the Director of the State Department of Health,

     Insect & Vector Control, the project was to convert the existing 50-acre landfill area

     into a recreational area by using a less traditional solid waste disposal technique.

     Dorer's idea was to create a more sanitary, larger landfill by building upward rather

     than in the more traditional downward, or pit, method. The result was a mountain 68

     feet high and 800 feet long, that was created with 18 inch layers of solid waste and 6

     inch layers of clean soil. Dorer's innovation quickly resulted in his being dubbed "Father

     of the Mountain."


     To create a first-rate recreational facility, additional land was purchased surrounding

     the landfill to bring the park to its current size. Upon Mount Trashmore's completion in

     1972, it was turned over to the City Department of Parks & Recreation. Mount

     Trashmore now provides a wide assortment of recreational opportunities for the

     general public. Facilities include four large shelters and eleven mint shelters, one large

     and one small skateboard ramp, five playground areas, two restrooms, one basketball

     court, & four volleyball areas. Kids Cove, a playground built completely by volunteers,

     is a wonderful enhancement to this park. Handicapped accessible and focusing on

     younger children, this playground is very popular with kids. At The Welcome Center

     Shop, visitors can purchase snacks & drinks.


     Two lakes are also prominent features of the park. Lake Windsor contains a mixture of

     fresh & saltwater, or brackish water, & is fed by nearby Thalia Creek. Lake

     Trashmore is fresh water & is stocked by the State Fisheries. Originally, park plans

     included a 5,000-seat amphitheater. Due to cost considerations, the theater was not

     built. The hollow, or indented side of the mountain facing Lake Trashmore was the

     intended site for the theater. This area is now a natural amphitheater.


     Family-oriented events are held at Mount Trashmore throughout the year. A Family

     Fun Day (July 4th), Just Say No Parade, Earth Day Celebration, & numerous 5K runs

     are but a few of the activities held annually at the park. Today, Mount Trashmore is

     one of the best known parks in the country. Visitors come from around the world to

     see this modern wonder. Many have taken the idea home with them, building similar

     projects in their states or countries, after seeing the success of this creative venture.


     Mount Trashmore is open daily from 7:30 a.m. until sunset, with the exception of



     LITTLE ISLAND PARK (123.47 acres)


     Little Island Park is located next to the Atlantic Ocean, north of the Back Bay Wildlife

     Refuge. The park has a 775-foot beach north of the fishing pier for surfing and a 2,000

     foot beach for swimming & fishing south of the pier. Lighted tennis courts, basketball

     courts, restrooms, picnic shelters, parking lots, & a vending concession area entice

     patrons to this reclaimed Coast Guard Station setting. Back Bay, a brackish lake,

     provides excellent fishing & crabbing along the western border of this unique park.


     The park is open year-round from 5:30 a.m. to sundown from Memorial Day

     Weekend through Labor Day


     Weekend. Lifeguards are on duty daily from 9:30 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. A $3.00 fee is

     charged per vehicle for all-day parking Monday through Friday & $4.00 fee on

     Saturday, Sunday & holidays, Memorial Day Weekend through Labor Day Weekend.

     The fishing pier is operated seven days a week. Time will vary with the season.

     Spectators & those wishing to fish from the pier may purchase a ticket good for a

     one-day's use for $2.00 at the entrance of the pier. Those children who are under 9

     years of age & accompanied by an adult will be permitted on the pier at no charge. The

     pier will open April through October.


     MUNDEN POINT PARK (100.3 acres)


     Munden Point Park is the 6th regional park constructed & operated by the City of

     Virginia Beach. The park is located on the North Landing River, a major leg of the

     Inter-coastal Waterway, in the southern portion of the City. This property was

     purchased in 1977 from Mr. Gordon Campbell & family, who for many years raised

     horses & cattle. Prior to 1911, the now defunct Norfolk & Southern Rail Lines

     operated a steam locomotive turntable & passenger train & also operated two steam

     ferry barges. The remains of the old wharves are still visible from the park. The funding

     was shared by the Department of Interior, Bureau of Outdoor Recreation, & the City

     of Virginia Beach. Initial construction cost, which included the purchase of the land,

     was 1.2 million dollars. Capital Improvements Projects continue as necessary, & as

     funding permits. Munden Point Park has 5 large shelters, 15 mini-shelters, 1 boat ramp,

     3 ballfields, 3 basketball courts, 3 large playgrounds, 6 horseshoe pits, 2 restrooms &

     volleyball stations.


     The park is open from 7:00 a.m. until sunset during the winter, & 5:30 a.m. until sunset

     during the summer. The park is open year round, with the exception of Christmas Day.

     Boat ramp launching fee is $2.00 a day. Canoe rentals are available (seasonal

     April-October). There is a $3.00 deposit & the charge is $1.50 per half hour. Life

     jackets are issued to everyone.


     RED WING PARK (96.01 acres)


     Red Wing Park, formerly the "Old City Poor Farm," was acquired by the county in

     1879. In 1966, it was developed by the City as a family, general-use park. Four tennis

     courts, two handball/racquetball courts, one basketball courts, four volleyball courts,

     two badminton courts, eight horseshoe pits, five shelters, three playground areas, three

     softball fields, nature trails, six integrated gardens, picnic tables, grills, open fields, &

     wooded areas entice approximately 570,000 patrons annually to the Park.




     The Gardens of Red Wing Park were established in 1972 through the joint efforts of

     the Parks & Recreation Department of the City of Viriginia Beach & the Council of

     Garden Clubs of Virginia Beach. The Red Wing Park Gardens took almost two years

     to plan & have been expanded yearly since their inception. This park was named after

     the Red-Winged Blackbird, which is commonly found in this area.


     Mrs. C. L. Hershberger & Mrs. A. M. Gallagher, Conservation Chairperson &

     President of the Council of Garden Clubs in 1969-71, working with Mr. Harold

     Whitehurst & Mr. Richard Branich, Director & Administrator of Parks & Recreation,

     selected this site for the Conservation Garden. The Conservation Garden was designed

     to be the home of specimens of each of the wildflowers found on the list of endangered

     species that was compiled by the Virginia Federation of Garden Clubs.


     From this beginning, these gardens have grown to six integrated gardens through the

     efforts of 36 garden clubs, the Park & Recreation Department, local business & private

     citizens' contributions. These gardens are a part of the H.A.N.D.S. (Homes &

     Neighborhood Development Sponsors) program of the Council of Garden Clubs of

     Virginia Beach. The Parks & Recreation Department of the City of Virginia Beach

     designed & maintains these gardens.



     was a project of the Junior Virginia Beach Garden Club. All the plant material was

     selected for fragrance of foliage and blossom, or both. Each specimen is identified by

     Braille markers.


     OLIVE CULPEPPER MEMORIAL ROSE GARDEN : This garden was dedicated

     on May 18, 1972 in memory of Mrs. A. H. Culpepper, past-president of the Council

     of Garden Clubs & an active civic leader. The formal garden contains over 250 All

     American Roses. The Council of Garden Clubs makes a yearly contribution toward the

     maintenance of the garden.


     THE PRESIDENT'S GARDEN : This garden honors past presidents of the Council of

     Garden Clubs & others who played a predominant part in the establishing of the Red

     Wing Park Gardens. The area is landscaped with Red-Winged Azaleas.


     THE P.O.W. GARDEN : This area was designed to honor the many Vietnam War

     Prisoners who returned to the Tidewater area in 1973. The garden's focal point is a

     display of the American flag, surrounded by red, white & blue annuals.


     JAPANESE GARDEN: The design of this garden is oriental in nature. Specimens

     found in the garden include Japanese Black Pines, a Weeping Cherry Tree, &

     Heavenly Bamboo (Nandia), which are placed along winding walkways.


     GREAT NECK PARK (80.68 acres)


     Great Neck Park, established in the spring of 1990, is located off Shorehave Drive

     along the banks of Lynnhaven Bay. The park has five group picnic shelters,

     mini-shelters, playgrounds, volleyball courts, horseshoe pits, four ballfields, three

     basketball courts, & restrooms. Additionally, a gazebo and overlook provide a

     panoramic view of the bay from a peninsula on the park grounds.


     BAYVILLE PARK (67.53 acres)


     Bayville park has passive and active areas which include two softball fields, six tennis

     courts, shuffleboard courts, a volleyball court, playground areas, three large picnic

     shelters. An arboretum was established to allow park visitors an opportunity to identify

     trees indigenous to the area. An 18-hole disc golf course attracts frisbee golf

     enthusiasts. Additionally, there is a playground area designed to accommodate the

     physically handicapped. Through the combined efforts of the City of Virginia Beach,

     the National Park Service, and the Virginia Division of Parks & Recreation, Bayville

     Park was established in 1978.


     WOODSTOCK PARK (30.41 acres)


     Woodstock Park is a community park set in the Kempsville Borough. The park has

     three large picnic shelters with grills, volleyball stanchions, & horseshoe pits set in a

     wooded environment. Active sports enthusiasts can use two tennis courts, a softball

     backstop, & a large open field and children can frolic in playgrounds Everybody can

     use the restrooms. The park opened in the Spring of 1986 & since then it has been a

     source of community pride. Visiting hours are from 7:30 a.m. until sunset, year round

     with the exception of Christmas Day.


     Parks & Recreation


     Municipal Center, Bldg. 21

     Virginia Beach, VA 23456





     (city-owned parks ? & total acreage ? )


     RIO GRANDE PARK (80 acres)


     Zoo; Sandy Beaches (3 miles); Swimming Pool; Baseball; Tennis Courts; Playground


     ROBINSON PARK ( ? acres)


     Triangular area of greenery near the business district





     (city-owned parks ? covering 2,196 acres)


     JOAQUIN MILLER PARK (512 acres)


     Former home of Joaquin Miller, "Poet of the Sierras"; Fountain & statuary from 1939

     World's Fair in San Francisco; Woodminster Amphitheater; Sequoia Lodge Camp &

     Arena; Sinewik Camp; Rotary Day Camp; Second Growth Redwoods; Swimming

     Pool; Archery Range; Softball Diamond; Horse & Hiking Trails; Picnic Areas


     KNOWLAND PARK (494 acres)


     Zoo; Baby Zoo; Arboretum; Rides; Picnic Areas


     LAKESIDE PARK (277 acres)


     Lake Merritt (155 acres); Wildlife Refuge; Boating


     Land Area (122 acres); Children's Fairyland; Edoff Bandstand; Garden Center: trial &

     show gardens, wild flower gardens, Japanese garden; Landscaped Park Areas; Rotary

     Natural Science Center; Duck Feeding Area; Bowling; Putting Green; Picnic Areas





     (city-owned parks & playgrounds 270 consisting of 2,572 acres)

     2,691 acres . . . Harnik


     FRICK PARK (486 acres) . . . Harnik


     SCHENLEY PARK (456 acres)


     Mrs. Mary E. Schenley donated 300 acres in 1889; Phipps Conservatory; Nature

     Museum; Nature Trails; Golf Course; Athletic Fields; Tennis Courts; Panther Hollow

     Lake; Ice Skating Rink; Swimming Pool; Bikeway; Day Camp Facility; Picnic Areas


     HIGHLAND PARK (400 acres)


     Zoo; Children's Underground; Carnegie Lake; Swimming Pool; Athletic Fields;

     Bikeway; Tennis Courts; Picnic Area


     RIVERSIDE PARK (240 acres)


     Allegheny Observatory; Nature Museum; Nature Trails; Athletic Fields; Tennis Courts;

     Swimming Pool; Bikeway; Picnic Shelters


     MELLON SQUARE (1.37 acres)


     Park created on the roof of a six-level parking garage in 1953





     (over 150 parks, parkways and open space areas covering roughly 3,000 acres )


     CAPITOL GROUNDS ( ? acres)


     Over 40,000 trees, plants & shrubs; Pioneer Camellia Grove; Rose Garden; Cactus

     Garden; California Vietnam Veterans Memorial


     MILLER PARK ( 56.99 acres)


     At edge of Sacramento River; Marina; Boat Launching Ramp; Fishing; Ball Field;



     WILLIAM LAND PARK ( 166.5 acres)


     Amusement Center; Fairy tale Town (6 acres); Zoo, Golf Course




     The American River Parkway is a 12 square mile greenbelt extending from Folsom

     Lake State Park downstream to the Sacramento River.


     UPPER SUNRISE PARK (143 acres)


     Fishing; Horseback Riding; Hiking; Bicycling


     DISCOVERY PARK (275 acres)


     At the junction of the Sacramento & the American Rivers; Named to commemorate

     the discovery of gold in California; Boat Launching Ramp; Riding & Hiking Trails;

     Bicycle Concourse; Picnicking


     C. M. GOETHE PARK (272 acres)


     Riverside Park; Woods; Riding & Biking Trails; Picnicking


     GLEN HALL PARK ( ? acres)


     Sunbathing on Beach; Swimming Pool; Baseball Diamonds; Picnicking




     ANCIL HOFFMAN PARK (386 acres)


     Effie Teaw Interpretive Center for children; Nature Study (70 acres); Game Field; Golf

     Course (18 holes); Picnicking




     Pavilion, softball complex, swimming pool.




     Equestrian services, ranch camp, swim hole.





     Minneapolis Park & Recreation Board

     (170 park properties on a combined acreage of 6380)

     5,694 acres . . . Harnik


     Horace W. S. Cleveland first outlined a system of parks & parkways for Minneapolis

     between 1883 & 1893.


     THEODORE WITH PARK (443.49 acres) (743 acres . . . Harnik)


     Named after Theodore Wirth, superintendent of parks from 1906 to 1935; Eloise

     Butler Wildflower & Bird Sanctuary (13 acres); Lake with Swimming, Beach,

     Bathhouse, & Lifeguard (38 acres); Downhill & Cross-Country Skiing in Winter;

     18-hole & 9-hole Golf Course


     LAKE HARRIET (353.0 water acres & 2.68 miles of shoreline)


     Swimming Beaches with Lifeguards (4); Picnic Areas with Tables & Fire Grates (2);

     Refectory; Bandshell


     LYNDALE PARK (60.0 acres)


     Lake Harriet Garden Center (10 acres); Thomas Sadler Roberts Bird Sanctuary (15

     acres: Phelps Fountain & Hefelfinger Fountain; Trees


     LAKE OF THE ISLES (102.0 water acres & 97.86 acres of land)


     Landscaped long narrow lake with wooded islands; Boating; Riding; Roller Skating;

     Hiking; Jogging


     MINNEHAHA PARK(144.55 acres)


     Statue of Hiawatha by Jacob Fjelde; Minnehaha Falls; Picnic Facilities with two Shelter



     RIVERSIDE PARK (42.28 acres)


     Recreational & community gathering place overlooking shores of the Mississippi; Old

     Rock Quarry transformed into a large baseball & football field & used as a skating rink

     in the winter; Playgrounds


     LORING PARK (35.82 acres)


     Acquired in 1883 as part of park system designed by H. W. S. Cleveland; Statue of

     Old Bull by Jacob Fjelde; Scene of annual snow-modeling contest; Lake (7.50 acres);

     Giant Checkerboard; Roque Court


     FAIRVIEW PARK (20.82 acres)




     LOGAN PARK (10.08 acres)


     Community-Center Building with Gymnasium, Lounge & Meeting Rooms


     PARKWAY SYSTEM (54 miles)


     Roads; Lighting; Landscaping; Separate Bicycle & Pedestrian Paths


     CEDAR LAKE PARK & TRAIL (48 acres)


     Bikeway and nature preserve built on old railroad tracks; Created through the

     cooperative efforts of the Cedar Lake Park Association, Inc. and the Minneapolis Park

     & Recreation Board


     NOTE: The Minneapolis Park System is governed by a Park & Recreation Board,

     whose members are elected for staggered four-year terms. Its nine members function

     independently of the city government, although the mayor can veto its actions, provided

     the board cannot muster a two-thirds vote to override him. It owns the land, enacts the

     ordinances governing the system, operates the recreation system, polices the parks, &

     establishes the budget. It can issue bonds to pay for acquisition & development & has

     the power to levy taxes within limits set by the City's Board of Estimate & Taxation. . .

     . Alexander Garvin, The American City: What Works & What Doesn't, McGraw Hill,

     1996, p. 66.





     (121 city-owned parks & playgrounds consisting of 6,050 acres)


     MOHAWK PARK (2,817 acres)


     Wooded area in northeast Tulsa; plans call for one-third of the park to remain as a

     natural reserve; Scenic Drives; Lagoons; Horseback Riding Trails; Bicycle Trails; Site

     of Indian Pow Wow & Junior Rodeo; Lake Yahola, home of the Tulsa Yacht Club;

     Recreation Lake; Mounted Troops Area; Archery Ranges; Tulsa Gun Club Range;

     Boating; Fishing; Tulsa Municipal Zoo (68 acres); Polo Fields (2); 18-hole Golf

     Courses (2); Amusement Rides; Shelter Houses; Picnic Areas


     WOODWARD PARK (33.95 acres)


     Mature strands of oaks, hickory trees; natural rock formations; rock garden; Anne

     Hathaway Herb Garden; Azalea Garden; Tulsa Municipal Rose Garden (4.5 acres);

     Tulsa Rose Test Center;






     (city-owned parks ? consisting of 6,053 acres)


     KAPIOLANI PARK (200 acres)


     Zoo; Natatorium Aquarium; Outdoor Theater (Waikiki Shell); Bandstand; Hibiscus

     Garden; Archery Range; Picnic Tables


     ALA MOANA PARK (77 acres)


     Beach; Swimming; Tennis Courts; Bowling Greens; Picnic Tables




     Orchid Greenhouse





     (154 city-owned parks consisting of 5,055 acres of which 476 acres are leased/loaned

     to others )

     Cincinnati Park Board 4,686 acres; Cincinnati Recreation Commission 2,560 acres . . .



     Original park, parkway & open-space plans by George Kessler in 1907


     MOUNT AIRY FOREST (1,472 acres)


     Site of the first municipal reforestation project in the United States; 5,000 plants

     representing 1,600 species & varieties of deciduous trees & shrubs & evergreens;

     arboretum is a major feature containing an outstanding dwarf collection; 23 picnic

     areas; three activity lodges; 14 miles of hiking trails; equestrian trails


     FRENCH PARK (276 acres)


     Provides view of Cincinnati's hills; stone shelter house & picnic area; planted tree

     groves; fossil rich creek; hiking trails


     AULT PARK (224 acres)


     Includes picnic facilities, nature trails, Children's play areas; historic Italian Renaissance

     pavilion with surrounding terrace & cascade fountain; formal garden designed by

     George Kessler & A. D. Taylor; rose & dahlia gardens featured; volunteer

     Adopt-A-Plot garden awarded the Daniel Flaherty Park Excellence Aware; site of the

     "Trees for Your Yard Arboretum"


     EDEN PARK (186 acres)


     Five minutes from downtown Cincinnati; land given by Nicholas Longworth; initial

     landscaping plans prepared by Adolph Strauch; home of the Cincinnati Art Museum,

     Cincinnati Art Academy, Playhouse in the Park; summer concert series held at the

     outdoor Seasongood Pavilion; site of the Cincinnati Park Board's Krohn Conservatory

     tropical rain forest, desert, seasonal floral displays, butterfly show all under 22,000 sq.

     ft. of glass & location of the Spring House Gazebo - the symbol of the Cincinnati Park

     system; overlook views of Ohio River Valley & Northern Kentucky including

     downtown Cincinnati; three reflecting pools & 60 ft. fountain; number public art works,

     historical structural features & memorial tree groves located throughout the park


     CALDWELL PARK (133 acres)


     Wooded-hilly park; location of Caldwell Nature Center, foot trails - including a ADA

     Accessible Access Trail, natural springs, a climax community of beech, tulip, maple &

     pawpaw trees, over 50 species of wildflowers & birds, 8 species of reptiles &

     amphibians, & 10 species of mammals.


     STANBERY PARK (126 acres)


     Features include picnic areas, open shelter, playground equipment; hiking trails included

     in the National Trail System; borders the National & State designated Little Miami

     Scenic River


     VICTORY PARKWAY (120 acres)


     Scenic roadway 3.5 miles long planted with trees, shrubs, perennials, & floral

     horticultural features; planting started in 1915


     CALIFORNIA WOODS (113 acres)


     Forest preserve located at the confluence of the Little Miami & Ohio Rivers; one of the

     finest examples of fixed mesophytic woods in southwestern Ohio; 53 species of

     hardwood trees with four believed to be over 400 years old; nature center provides

     education & interpretive services; 156 species of birds & 183 species of plants; four

     miles of trails; cross ridges, ravines & reconstructed prairie


     ALMS PARK (94 acres)


     Park designed by Albert D. Taylor; views of the Little Miami & Ohio River Valley;

     once the site of Nicholas Longworth's vineyard - traces of the terraces & wine cellar

     remain; playground & picnic facilities; centerpiece of the park is the Italian Renaissance



     BURNET WOODS (89 acres)


     Adjacent to University of Cincinnati; historic bandstand site of free outdoor concerts;

     Trailside Nature Center built by the Federal Works Project Administration; Lone Star

     Pavilion gift from the Sons of the Republic of Texas; picnic areas, playgrounds, hiking

     trails & one-acre lake


     MT. ECHO PARK (84 acres)


     Hilltop park providing a magnificent view of Northern Kentucky, the Ohio River &

     downtown Cincinnati; floral horticultural features & Buckeye & Sycamore tree

     plantings as well as picnic areas, playgrounds, ballfields & tennis courts; an Italian

     Renaissance style pavilion built in 1928 accents the surrounding Albert D. Taylor

     designed terrace & landscaping


     DANIEL DRAKE PARK (66 acres)


     Hilltop park overlooking northeastern Cincinnati's Little Duck Creek valley offers a

     stone shelter building, overlook area, multipurpose play equipment & picnic areas


     FERNBANK PARK (64 acres)


     Park 1.25 mile long along the Ohio River; picnic areas & large natural fields; fishing

     access; picnic/playground areas; site of U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Ohio River

     Lock & Dam No. 37


     ZOOLOGICAL GARDENS (63 acres)


     Parklands leased to the Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden; one of the top five zoos in

     the United States; the Zoo is the second oldest in the country (opened in 1845 &

     reflecting the 19-th century affinity for classical themes; former site of Adolph Strauch's

     home (he developed a 'lawn plan" for cemeteries); stone pavilion, a park feature


     LA BOITEAUX WOODS (54 acres)


     Wooded preserve on Cincinnati's west side; contains several Oak trees estimated to be

     over 500 years old; includes a nature center & trail systems


     RAPID RUN PARK (50 acres)


     Mix of tall trees, picnic tables & play areas; reflecting pool & shelter house accent the



     Cincinnati Park Board

     950 Eden Park Drive

     Cincinnati, Ohio 54208




     (5,821 acres)


     WINTON WOODS (2,045 acres)

     188-acre lake; fishing; boating; youth & family camping; 18-hole golf course; bicycle

     paths; 10 miles of horseback riding trails; Kingfisher Trail; Trillium Trail; picnic areas




     85-acre lake; youth camping; 18-hole golf course; Braille Trail; Paleo Indian Trail;

     Oakleaf Trail; picnic areas


     SHAWNEE LOOKOUT (1,010 acres)


     Boating on Miami River; fishing; family camping; hiking; nature study; picnicking


     SHARON WOODS AREA (740 acres)


     Alfred K. Nippert Nature Museum; 40-acre lake; fishing; youth camping; 18-hole golf

     course; deer pen; lodges & shelters; Chipmunk Trail; Picnic areas




     Green island retained in a natural state & utilized for outdoor educational programs.





     (109 city-owned parks)

     1,291 acres . . . Harnik


     WATSON PARK (65.0 acres)


     Recreation Activities Building; Nature Study (1.5 acres); Japanese Garden; Boat

     Ramp; Picnic Areas (25 acres)


     VIRGINIA KEY (486 acres . . . Harnik)


     Sewage treatment plant, abandoned marine station, aquarium, wilderness areas


     HOMESTEAD BAYFRONT PARK (39.3 acres) (62 acres . . . Harnik)


     31 acres leased to Rouse Corporation for a restaurant and retail emporium; 31 acres

     managed by Claude & Mildred Pepper Bayfront Park Trust & redesigned by Isamu

     Noguchi; Torch of Friendship symbolizing relationship with Latin American countries;

     Library; Marina with 208 docking spaces; Evening Concerts; Community House;

     Basketball court, Bicycle Racks; Horseshoe Pits; Jungle Gym; Merry-go-round; Ping

     Pong Tables; Shuffleboard; Tennis Court; Volleyball Standards; Children's Area;

     Picnic Tables; Shelter Houses


     SEWELL PARK (10 acres)


     Nature Study


     LUMMUS PARK (7.0 acres)


     Stone barracks of Fort Dallas, built in 1835 at the mouth of the Miami River,

     abandoned in 1835, & later moved to this site; Recreation Activities Building; Bowling

     Green; Horseshoe Pits; Shuffleboard; Checkers, Chess






     Waterfront park




     Waterfront park





     (Number of parks & total acres ? )




     Lakes & streams, 4 miles of multi-purpose trails; 2-mile equestrian trail; picnic shelters;

     playgrounds; Home of 3.5 acre Shin Zen Friendship Garden: designed by Saito

     Associates; plum, cherry & magnolia trees; camellias & irises; waterfall & pond; full

     moon stone bridge; ceremonial tea house; admission free; fees for weddings


     ROEDING PARK (160 acres)


     Maple, cedar, pine & eucalyptus groves; Japanese American Memorial; ponds; tennis

     courts; playground; Home of 25-acre Fresno Zoo: 700 species of mammals, birds &

     reptiles; 2-acre elephant exhibit; breeding colony of American Flamingos




     Designed for children with special needs; Lakes, maze for sighted & unsighted; arts &

     crafts pavilion; frontier area; mining town; sculpture & mural art; therapy & exercise

     platform; basketball 2 courts; play areas; picnic facilities


     City of Fresno

     Parks, Recreation, & Community Service


     2326 Fresno St., Rm. 101

     Fresno, CA 93721-1824





     (city-owned parks 159 containing more than 7,000 acres)


     Horace W. S. Cleveland prepared a comprehensive park system for Omaha in the



     PAPIO DAM SITE (685.0 acres)


     Fishing; Boating; Picnic Facilities


     LEVI CARTER PARK & LAKE (519.5 acres comprised of 234.5 land & 281.0

     water acres)


     Fishing; Boating; Water Skiing; Skating Rink; Flower Beds; Bike Paths; Picnic

     Facilities & Pavilion; Lighted Softball Fields (3); Unlighted Softball Fields (3); Lighted

     Baseball Fields (1); Unlighted Baseball Fields (1); Football Field; Soccer Field


     N. P. DODGE MEMORIAL (445.0 acres)


     Fishing; Boating; Camping; Football Field; Soccer Field; Unlighted Horseshoe Court;

     Playground Areas


     TRANQUILITY (355.0 acres)




     BENSON PARK (217.3 acres)


     Fishing; Indoor Ice Rink; Flower Beds; Lighted Softball Fields (3); Unlighted Softball

     Fields (1); Unlighted Baseball Field; Unlighted Horseshoe Court; Basketball Court;

     Bicycle Paths; Golf; Picnic Facilities & Pavilion


     ELMWOOD PARK (216.4 acres)


     Fishing; Skating Rink; Bicycle Paths ; Unlighted Baseball Field; Unlighted Softball

     Field; Football Field; Soccer Field; Unlighted Horseshoe Court; Basketball Court;

     Unlighted Tennis Courts (4); Picnic Facilities & Pavilion


     HUMMEL PARK (202.0 acres)


     Scenic Overlook; Crafts Room, Day Camps; Unlighted Horseshoe Court; Picnic

     Facilities & Pavilion


     SEYMOUR SMITH (197.0 acres)


     RIVERVIEW (155.5 acres)


     Monument to Friedrich von Schiller


     APPLEWOOD GOLF COURSE (145.0 acres)


     Flower Bed ; Golf


     FONTENELLE PARK (108.0 acres)


     Fishing; Skating Rink; Bicycle Paths; Unlighted Baseball Field; Unlighted Softball Field;

     Unlighted Horseshoe Court; Unlighted Tennis Courts (4); Football Field; Soccer Field;

     Golf; Picnic Facilities & Pavilion


     FONTENELLE FOREST (1,200 acres)


     Natural woodlands within a 15-minute drive from downtown Omaha; Lakes & Hiking

     Trails; Wildlife Museum; Miniature Zoo



     49. TOLEDO, OHIO


     (city-owned parks & playgrounds 134 consisting of 2,650.90 acres)


     OTTAWA PARK (305.1 acres)


     Bandstand; Arts & Crafts; Golf Course; Ice Rink; Picnic Areas


     BAY VIEW PARK (178.2 acres)


     View of Port; Golf Course


     JERMAIN PARK (71.9 acres)


     Tennis Courts


     ZOOLOGICAL GARDENS (43.0 acres)


     Children's Zoo; Aquarium; Museum of Science & Natural History; Botanical Gardens;

     Small Amusement Park




     (8 parks consisting of 5,200 acres)


     SIDE CUT PARK, Maumee, Ohio ( ? acres)


     Canal Locks; Fishing; ice-skating; Children's Play Space; Walking Trails; Picnicking


     OAK OPENINGS PARK, Whitehouse, Ohio ( ? acres)


     Fishing; ice-skating; Nature Trails; Overnight Camping Facilities at Lodge


     SECOR PARK, Berkey, Ohio ( ? acres)


     Arboretum; Nature Center; Trails; Group Camping; Bicycling; Picnicking


     PEASON PARK, Oregon, Ohio ( ? acres)


     Fishing for Children; Pedal Boat Rental; ice-skating; Nature Trails; Horse Rentals;

     Field Sports; Day Camping; Walking





     (9 city-owned parks consisting of 3,000 acres)


     DELAWARE PARK (367.61 acres)


     Original plans by Frederick Law Olmsted & Calvert Vaux in 1868; Part of a series of

     interconnected parks & parkways; Pan-American Exposition of 1901 placed just

     outside the park

     Allbright Knox Art Gallery built in 1905; 38-acre Buffalo Zoo containing 20 animal

     buildings; Children's Zoo; Baseball Diamonds (4); Softball Diamonds (3); Football

     Field; Tennis Courts (6); Basketball Courts (2); Golf Course (18-hole); Caddy House;

     Natural Ice Rink; Casino; Comfort Station; Community Building; Bowling Greens (5);

     Shelter House; Play Area; Picnic Area


     Scajaquada Expressway, built in the early 1960s, cuts across park


     Master Plan, approved in 1973, advocates improved circulation, more parking & an

     increase in indoor & outdoor recreation


     CAZENOVIA PARK (191.74 acres)


     Baseball Diamonds (2); Softball Diamonds (3); Football Field; Tennis Courts (6);

     Basketball Courts (2); Golf Course (9-hole); Swimming Pool; Wading Pool; Artificial

     Ice Rink; Casino; Comfort Station; Shelter House; Play Area; Picnic Area


     GROVER CLEVELAND PARK (112.04 acres)


     Tennis Courts (4); Golf Course (18-hole); Caddy House; Casino; Comfort Station;

     Archery Range; Play Area; Picnic Area


     HUMBOLDT PARK (50.98 acres)


     Museum of Science; Greenhouse; Tennis Courts (4); Wading Pool; Artificial Ice Rink;

     Casino; Comfort Station. Play Area; Picnic Area


     HOUGHTON PARK (36.20 acres)


     Baseball Diamonds (2); Softball Diamonds (3); Football Field; Track & Field; Tennis

     Courts (4); Basketball Court; Diving Pool; Swimming Pool; Wading Pool; Bathhouse;

     Artificial Ice Rink; Comfort Station; Field House; Bicycle Path; Play Area; Picnic Area




     PARKWAYS (40.40 acres)




     (8 regional city-owned parks )

     Tampa Parks Department 1,760 acres

     Tampa Sports Authority 423 acres , , , Harnik


     HORIZON PARK (150 acres)


     Picnic Facilities


     LOWRY PARK (105 acres)


     Zoo, Fairyland Amusements & Safety Village; Boat Ramp; Picnic Facilities


     ROGERS PARK (105 acres)


     Golf Course (18 holes); Picnic Facilities


     ROWLETT PARK (80 acres)


     Fishing; Baseball Diamonds, Tennis Courts, Picnic Facilities


     MAC FARLAND PARK (50 acres)


     Baseball Diamonds; Tennis Courts; Picnic Facilities


     ROBLES PARK (40 acres)


     Tennis Courts; Rest Area under large oak trees around a lake


     BALLAST POINT PARK (10 acres)


     Fishing Pier & Concession Stand; Picnic Facilities




     $1.5 million makeover of the old convention center




     Green space in downtown Tampa created by Tampa Downtown Partnership




     Runs from Tampa to St. Petersburg; Abandoned & renovated auto bridge used by

     bicyclists, pedestrians


     HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY (30,000 acres)


     Parkland surrounding Tampa used by city to alleviate shortage of parkland (6.2 acres

     per 1,000 residents)


     CYPRESS CREEK PRESERVE in New Tampa (827 acres)


     COURTHOUSE SQUARE in Downtown Tampa (2 acres)





     (40 city-owned parks covering 39.3 acres &

     7 county-governed parks in the city covering 743.97 acres)


     BRANCH BROOK PARK (500 acres)


     Designed by Frederick Law Olmsted & Partners in 1867; Open-Air Concerts;

     Boating; Fishing; Riding; Baseball; Football, Gold; Playground


     WEEQUAHIC PARK (300 acres)


     Spring-Fed Lake stocked with game fish (85.0 acres); Boating; Fishing; Trotting Track

     & Grandstand seating 5,000; Golf Course (9 holes); Football; Baseball; Soccer,

     Tennis; Riding





     (9 city parks on 2,001 acres)


     Horace W. S. Cleveland outlined the original park system for Saint Paul in 1887.


     BATTLE CREEK PARK (510 acres, of which 430 acres are in Mapplewood & 80

     acres are in Saint Paul)


     Jointly owned by the City of Saint Paul & Ramsey County; Primarily open space with

     steep slopes & naturally wooded areas; Site of a battle between the Sioux &

     Chippewa in 1842; Skating Rink, Ski Jump; Ball Fields; Snowmobile Area; Bridle

     Paths; Hiking Trails; Tennis Courts




     Located in the southwest section of Saint Paul extending for approximately four &

     one-half miles in a linear track along the Mississippi River, from the Ford Plant to the

     I-35E Bridge, immediately adjacent to the Fort Snelling State Park; "Wild" Area with

     steep slopes; Limited Access; Nature Center; Hiking & Biking Trails; Boat Landing

     Area; Picnic Facilities


     PHALEN PARK & LAKE (494 acres)


     175-acre Lake with Swimming Beach; Canoeing & Sailboat Rentals; Summer Band

     Concerts; Golf Course (18 holes); Hiking & Biking Paths; Ski Touring; Snowmobiling;

     Picnic Facilities


     COMO PARK (448 acres)


     70-acre Lake; Gently Rolling Hills & Level Areas with Large Open Spaces; "Gates

     Ajar" Floral Display: large wheels made up of more than 15,000 plants each spring

     symbolizing "Life Everlasting"; Como Zoo; Conservatory consisting of four show

     houses; Summertime Band Concerts; Swimming Pool; Skating Rink; Golf Course (18

     hole); Miniature Golf; Ball Fields; Tennis Courts; Amusement Area; Pony Rides; Water

     & Regular Bicycle Rentals; Ski Area


     HIGHLAND PARK (264.68 acres)


     Rolling grassy areas with large trees, steep slopes; heavily wooded; Swimming Pool;

     Golf Courses (9 hole & 18 hole); Ball Fields; Tennis Courts; Picnic Facilities &

     Pavilion; Scene of Saint Paul's fireworks display on the Fourth of July


     INDIAN MOUNDS PARK (73 acres)


     Rolling grassy areas with large trees, bluffs & steep slopes; Ball Fields; Tennis Courts;

     Picnic Facilities; Indian Mounds date back to the Hopewell Culture of 3,000 years

     ago. They overlook the Mississippi River, the valley lowlands, & the loop & industrial

     sections of Saint Paul.





     (59 city-owned parks on 6,623 acres)


     (The Louisville & Jefferson County park system has 114 parks with over 13,600 acres

     of land. Many of the city's original parks were designed by Frederick Law Olmsted,

     the father of landscape architecture.)




     Designated as a National Audubon Society Wildlife Refuge; Guided hikes, rock

     climbing techniques & wildlife watching available to the public on weekends at a

     nominal fee


     MC NEELY PARK (746.0 acres)


     Prehistoric Cave; Fishing in 46-acre Lake; Boating with motors; Boat Launching

     Ramp; Tent Camping (by permit); Day Camp; Korean War Memorial;

     Privately-owned 18-hole Golf Course; Ball Diamond; Picnicking


     IROQUOIS (739.0 acres)


     Originally designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, Sr.; Scenic Drives; Lookout Point

     (720 ft.); Fishing in 1.5 acre Lake; ice-skating; Coasting; Hiking Trails; Bridle Path;

     Bicycle Trail; Club House; Open-Air Amphitheater (2,200 seat); Bow Hunters' Range;

     Golf Course (18 holes); Football & Hockey Fields; Softball & Baseball Diamonds;

     Tennis Courts (8); Playgrounds & Tot Lot; Picnic Pavilions


     CHEROKEE (409.0 acres)


     Designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, Sr. In 1891; Scenic Loop (3-mile); Big Rock

     Pavilion & Picnic Area; Daniel Boone Statue; Bird Sanctuary; Hiking Trails; Fishing

     Lake; Casting; ice-skating; Archery Range; Coasting; Golf Course (9 holes); Model

     Aircraft, Field; Football & Hockey Fields; Baseball Diamond; Tennis Courts (2);

     Horseshoe Pits (2)


     LONG RUN (394.0 acres)


     Historical Cemetery; Lakes (4 covering a total of 44.5 acres); Boating without motors;

     Fishing; Camping; Bicycle Trail; Golf Course (18-holes); Sled Trail; Ball Diamonds;

     Basketball Court; Playground & Tot Lot; Picnicking


     SENECA (333.0 acres)


     Designed by Frederick Law Olmsted; Scenic Drives; Fishing in Beargrass Creek;

     ice-skating; Coasting; Bridle Path; Football, Hockey & Soccer Fields; Golf Course

     (18-holes); Lighted Softball Diamonds; Baseball Diamonds; Basketball Goals; Tennis

     (10) & Volleyball Courts; Playground & Tot Lot; Picnicking


     SHAWNEE (316.0 acres)


     Designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, Sr.; Scenic Drives; Fishing in the Ohio River;

     Boat Launching Ramp; Ice Skating; Lily Pond; Flower Gardens; Walter Memorial

     Fountain; Band Stand; Golf Course (18 holes); Baseball & Lighted Softball Diamonds;

     Lighted Junior Baseball Diamond; Model Aircraft Field; Football Fields; Basketball

     Goals; Swimming Pool; Tennis, Horseshoe & Shuffleboard Courts; Playground & Tot

     Lot; Picnic Areas & Pavilion


     WAVERLY (300.0 acres)


     Fishing in 7-acre Lake; ice-skating; Hiking Trail; Archery; Bridle Path; Camping; Golf

     Course; Basketball Court; Playgrounds & Tot Lot


     TOM WALLACE (204.0 acres)


     Fishing in 7-acre Lake; Hiking Trails; Playground; Picnicking


     SUN VALLEY (118.0 acres)


     Community Building; Swimming Pool; Wading Pool; Trailer Camping; Golf Course

     (18-holes); Softball Diamond; Basketball, Soccer, Tennis; &Volleyball Courts; Tot

     Lot; Picnicking


     CHICKASAW (61.0 acres)


     Designed by Frederick Law Olmsted; Playground; Restrooms; Picnic Tables &

     Pavilion; Grills; Clay Tennis Courts (6); Endpoint of 6.9 mile Riverwalk; Ballfield;

     Basketball; Lodge; Spray Pool; Volleyball; Tennis (12)


     CENTRAL (17.0 acres)


     Designed by Frederick Law Olmsted; Outdoor Amphitheater (Kentucky Shakespeare

     festival in summer); Recreation Center Shelter; Pavilion; Coasting; Softball Diamond;

     Lighted Basketball & Horseshoe Courts; Croquet, Shuffleboard & Tennis Courts;

     Children's Playground; Picnic Areas


     ALCONQUIN (16.0 acres)


     Designed by Frederick Law Olmsted; Playground; Restrooms; Picnic Tables &

     Shelter; Grills; Ballfield; Basketball (2); Swimming Pool; Spray Pool; Tennis (4);

     Walking Path (1/4 mile); Football Volleyball


     SHELBY (16.0 acres)

     Olmsted park; Playground; Restroom; Ballfield; Basketball (2); Picnic Shelter;

     Swimming Pool; Soccer, Tennis (3)


     TYLER (13.0 acres)


     Olmsted park; Playground; Restrooms; Picnic Tables & Shelter; Grills; Basketball;

     Spray Pool; Tennis (6); Volleyball; Walking Path


     CHURCHILL (7.0 acres)


     Olmsted. park


     STANSBURY, WILLIAM B (7.0 acres)


     Olmsted park


     BINGHAM (4.0 acres)


     Olmsted. park


     BOONE SQUARE (4.0 acres)


     Frederick Law Olmsted. Sr. park


     VICTORY (4.0 acres)


     Olmsted park


     ELLIOTT SQUARE (3.0 acres)


     Olmsted. park


     BAXTER SQUARE (2.0 acres)


     Olmsted park


     Louisville/Jefferson County Parks &

     Recreation Department

     1297 Trevilian Way, P.O. Box 37280

     Louisville, Kentucky 40233-7280





     (city-owned parks ? )


     LANE PARK (122 acres)


     Jimmy Morgan Zoo (55 acres); Picnic Facilities


     HIGHLAND PARK (92 acres)


     Golf Course (18 hole); Tennis Courts (14); Community Building with Golf & Tennis

     Pro Shops & meeting rooms


     BOTANICAL GARDENS (67 acres)

     Conservatory; Greenhouses; Floral Clock; Formal Terraces; Rose Garden; Japanese

     Garden; Touch & See Trail; Wild Flowers


     MC LENDON PARK (51 acres)


     Legion Field Stadium: Home of Birmingham Americans, seating capacity 68,821


     VULCAN PARK (4.5 acres)


     Summit of Red Top Mountain overlooking Birmingham; Cast-Iron Statue of Vulcan,

     designed by Guiseppe Moretti for the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis,

     made of Birmingham Iron; Observation Tower at  Base of Statue





     (2.500 acres dedicated for recreation use)

     (767 acres in city-wide facilities classification)




     BOTANICAL GARDENS (147 acres)


     Hiking Trails; Boat Rides down canals through the gardens; Trackless Train through the

     gardens; Observation Tower in the center of the gardens offering a view of the area;

     Entrance Fee; Sunken Garden; Japanese Garden; Rose Garden; Fragrance Garden;

     Picnic Shelters; Gift Shop.




     Entrance Fee; Varied Animal & Bird Exhibits; Gift Shop; Parking Spaces (350)


     TOWN POINT PARK (7 acres)


     Festival event areas (3); Amphitheater with natural grass seating; Boat slips;

     Restaurants; Parking fee.




     LAFAYETTE CITY PARK (60 acres)


     Softball field; Youth soccer field; Adult soccer field; Football/soccer field; Lighted

     basketball courts (2); Lighted tennis courts (4); Playground areas (3); Rental picnic

     shelters (4).


     TARRALLTON PARK (70 acres)


     Community Center; Lighted tennis courts (3); Youth/adult soccer fields (3), Lighted

     tournament softball field, League softball fields (5), Casual play softball fields (2),

     Multipurpose basketball, volleyball court; Picnic shelters (6); Park parking spaces



     Department of Recreation, Parks & General Services

     Bureau of Recreation

     501 Boush Street

     Norfolk, Virginia 23510





     (117 city parks, squares & playgrounds, 7 county operated )


     DURAND-EASTMAN PARK (1050 acres) . . . County operated


     Borders Lake Ontario; Small Lakes (2); Evergreens; Flowering Trees & Shrubs;

     Conservation Area; Nature Trails; Bridle Paths; Golf Course (18 holes); Play